Page:A tour through the northern counties of England, and the borders of Scotland - Volume I.djvu/303

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Matthew Parker; the second protestant arch-bishop of Canterbury. He was not only a great patron of learning, but a liberal encourager of the arts; he formed large collections relative to the History of England, which he bequeathed to Christ's-college, Cambridge, of which he had been master. He published the Bishop's Bible, and several of the old English historians; translated the Psalms into English verse; and was the founder of the Antiquarian Society. Obiit 1575, Æt. 72.

John Whitgift Archbishop of Canterbury; frequently stiled the English Pope, from the zeal and eagerness with which he carried into execution the penal statutes against all who dissented from the established church, during the reign of Elizabeth, Obiit 1603, and was succeeded by

Richard Bancroft; who was translated from the see of London. He proved himself a no less rigid disciplinarian than his predecessor. Chelsea college was originally designed for the reception of students, who should answer all Popish and controversial writings against the Church of England; and the institution, if not projected, was certainly warmly patronized by Bancroft, who bequeathed to it his very valuable library, in case it was built within six years after his decease. But the plan never having been compleated, his books were by