Adjectives have three degrees of comparison—the Positive, Comparative, and Superlative.
The comparative is formed by placing yori or yorimo (more than) before the positive; as, yori yoi, better; and the superlative by putting the words ichi ban, or mottomo, before the positive; as, itti ban, or mottomo yoi, best.
There are three kinds of adjectives, namely, qualificative, quantitative, and demonstrative:—
- Qualificative adjectives express the quality; as, kireina shomotu, fine books.
- Quantitative adjectives express the quantity; as, takusanna shomotu, many books.
- Demonstrative adjectives serve to point out; as, kono shomotu, this book; sono shomotu, that book.
A Pronoun is a word used instead of a Noun. There are three kinds of pronouns—Personal, Interrogative, and Demonstrative.
- Note—Relative Pronouns are not used in conversation.
- Personal Pronouns are used to represent the three persons, namely, first, second, and third person. They have numbers and cases, but they are applied both to feminine and masculine without distinction.