Page:An elementary grammar of the Japanese language.djvu/22

From Wikisource
Jump to navigation Jump to search
This page has been proofread, but needs to be validated.
Of Interrogative Pronouns.

The whole of the personal pronouns in their simple forms may be represented thus:

First Person. Second Person. Third Person.
Singular watakusi, anata, are, or kare.
Plural watakusi domo, anatayata, arera, or karera.

The cases are rendered by placing ni, no, and the other particles after pronouns, as in cases of watakusi ga, or wa, I; watakusi ni, me.

Are and arera are seldom used in conversation. Generally the names of persons are repeated, or else demonstrative adjectives and hito or okata (person) are used; as, Kono okata ga ikimasu, This person goes.

2. Interrogative Pronouns are used to ask questions.

There are three kinds of interrogative pronouns—dare, which is applied to persons; nani, which is applied to things, or inferior animals; and dore, which is used when a choice is expressed.

The cases are rendered by the particles no, ni, wa, and the others as in case of a noun. Examples:—Sokoni dare ga imasu ka? Who is there? Sokoni nani ga imasu ka? What is there? Dore wo anata wa torimasu ka? Which do you take?

Note—When any question is asked, the sign ka is always put at the end of the sentence.

3. Demonstrative Pronouns serve to point out the object spoken of.