The whole of the personal pronouns in their simple forms may be represented thus:
|First Person.||Second Person.||Third Person.|
|Singular||watakusi,||anata,||are, or kare.|
|Plural||watakusi domo,||,||arera, or karera.|
The cases are rendered by placing ni, no, and the other particles after pronouns, as in cases of watakusi ga, or wa, I; watakusi ni, me.
Are and arera are seldom used in conversation. Generally the names of persons are repeated, or else demonstrative adjectives and hito or okata (person) are used; as, Kono okata ga ikimasu, This person goes.
2. Interrogative Pronouns are used to ask questions.
There are three kinds of interrogative pronouns—dare, which is applied to persons; nani, which is applied to things, or inferior animals; and dore, which is used when a choice is expressed.
The cases are rendered by the particles no, ni, wa, and the others as in case of a noun. Examples:—Sokoni dare ga imasu ka? Who is there? Sokoni nani ga imasu ka? What is there? Dore wo anata wa torimasu ka? Which do you take?
- Note—When any question is asked, the sign ka is always put at the end of the sentence.
3. Demonstrative Pronouns serve to point out the object spoken of.