An Adverb is a word which qualifies a verb, an adjective, or other adverb; as, kono kodomo wa shomotu wo yoku yomimasu, These children read books well.
Adverbs may be divided into the following six classes:—
- Adverbs of time—ima, now; hayaku, quickly; sudeni, already; konniti, to-day; miyo-niti, to-morrow; and others.
- Adverbs of place—sokoni, there; kokoni, here; tikaku, nearly, &c.
- Adverbs of quality; as, yoku, well; kireini, beautifully; kitaini, wonderfully, &c.
- Adverbs of quantity—sukosi, little; takusan, much.
- Adverbs of sequence or order—dai-ittini, firstly; dai-nini, secondly.
- Adverbs of mood—sayo, just so; hei, yes; zituni, truly; īye', no, &c.
A Postposition is a word put, in Japanese, after nouns and pronouns, to show the relation between them; as, Watakusi wa Nipon kara France ni ikimasu, I go from Japan to France.