Page:An elementary grammar of the Japanese language.djvu/35

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21
Of Conjunctions.

A List of Postpositions.

Tameni, for; wuyeni, above; atoni, after; utini, within, or in; mayeni or mayewo, before; aidani, between; sitani, below; hokani, out of, or without; tikani, near; hōni, toward. (These are used with the article no; as, iye no uchini, in the house; kuni no tameni, for the country, or for the sake of the country.)—Made, into, or to; mukatte, against; oite, in. (These are used with ni; as, London ni made, to London.)—Koyete, beyond; hanarete, off; nukete or tōsite, through. (With wo; as, mado wo nukete, through the window.)—Kara, from; ni or ye, to; made, into; to, with; nasini, without;—without any additional word; as, London kara, from London; kono tokoro ni, in this place.

Of Conjunctions.

A Conjunction is a word which joins words and sentences together; as, Watakusi to kono ko ga Asakusa ye ikimasu, I and this child go to Asakusa.

There are two kinds of conjunctions, namely, copulative and disjunctive.

  1. Copulative conjunctions are—momata, also; to, and; kara, since; naraba or nara, if; dakara, therefore, &c.
  2. Disjunctive conjunctions are—keredomo, although; ga, but; sikasi, yet; aruiwa or matawa, or; yorimo, than, &c.