Page:An elementary grammar of the Japanese language.djvu/37

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23
Rules.

III. When two or more nouns or pronouns are coupled with to (and), the signs of cases are put after the last nominative; as, Watakusi to anata ga ikimasu, I and you go.

IV. When two or more nouns or pronouns are connected by matawa (or), the particle ka is put immediately after the nouns or pronouns; as, Watakusi ka matawa anata ka ga mairimasu, I or you go.

V. Conjunctions couple the same tenses of verbs; as, Watakusi wa sore wo sukimasu keredomo kore wo kiraimasu, I like that, but (I) do not like or dislike this.

Conjunctions couple the same cases of nouns and pronouns; as, Watakusi to anata ga ikimasu, I

and you go. VI. One verb governs another in the infinitive mood; as, Watakusi wa sake wo nomu koto wo konomimasen, I do not like to drink saké, or spirit of rice.

When the verbs in the infinitive mood are governed by an active verb, or used as nouns, the signs of cases, ga, wa, or wo, are added to the simple forms of the verbs in the infinitive mood; as, nomu koto wa, or nomu koto wo, to drink. But when the verbs in the infinitive mood are governed by a neuter verb, u of the verb of the first kind, and uru of that of the third kind are