Page:Black's Law Dictionary (Second Edition).djvu/1139

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SYLLOGISM. In logic. The full logical form of a single argument. It consists of three propositions, (two premises and the conclusion,) and these contain three te1'1ns, oi’ which the two occurring in the conclusion are brought together in the premiscs by being referred to a common class.

SYLVA CEDUA. Lat. In ecclesiastical hiiv. \\ ood of any kind which was kept on purpose to be cut, and which, being cut, grew again from the stump or root. Lynd. Prov. 190; 4 Reeve, Eng. Law, 90.

SYMBOLEOGRAPI-l.'Y. The art or can- i nlng rightly to form and make Wl‘it‘teD instru- ments It is either judicial or extrajudicial; the latter being wholly occupied with such instruments as concern matters not yet judicially in controversy, such as instruments of ngreenients or contracts, and testainents or last iriiis. Wharton.

SYMBOLIC DELIVERY. The construct- lue delivery or the subject-matter of a sale, where it is cumbersome or inaccessible, by the actual deiivery of some article which is conventionally accepted as the symbol or rep- resentative of it, or which rendeis access to it possible, or Whldl is evidence of the pur- chaser's title to it.

SYMBOLIJM ANIMIE. ary, or soul-scot.

Lat. A 111011.11-

SYMOND'S INN. Formerly an inn of chancery.

SYNALLAGMATIC CONTRACT. In the civil law. A bilateral or reciprotai contract, in which the parties expressly enter into mutual engagements, each binding him- self to the other. Path. Dbl. no. 9.

SYNGOI-‘ARE. To cut short, or pro- nounce things so as not to ‘he understood. Cowell.

SYNDIC. In the civil law. An advocate or iiutron; a burgvss or recorder; an agent or attorney viho acts for a corporation or university; an actor or pi-ocurator: an assigiiee \\-'liarton. See Minnesota L. B: T. Co. v. Bceiie, 40 Minn. 7, 41 N. W. 232. 2 L. R. A 418; Mobile 8: 0. R. Co. v. Whitney, 39 Ala. 47].

In French law. The person who is cominissioned by the courts to -administer a bank- ruptcy. He fulfills the same functions as the trustee in English law, or assignee in Amer-



ica. The term is also applied to the person appointed to manage the alfairs of a corporation. See Field v. United States, 9 Pet. 15?, 9 L. Ed. 94.

SYNDICATE. A university committee. A COL|JiDil1i.i[iUl.l of persons oi- firms united for the purpose of enterprises too large for indi- viduals to undertake; or a group of financiers who iiuv up the shares of a com]i.iny in order to scli then: at a profit by creating a scarcity. Mozley Si Whitley.

SYNDICOS. One chosen by a college, Inunicipality, etc., to defend its cause. Calvin.

SYNGRAPI-I. The name given by the canonists to deeds of which both parts were Written on the same piece of parchment, with some word or letters of the alphabet written between them, through which the parchment was cut in such a maiuicr as to leave half the Word on one part and half on the Other. It thus corresponded to the diirograph or iii- denture of the common law. 2 Bl. Comm 295. 296.

A dead or other written instrument under the hand and seal of all the parties.

SYNOD. A meeting or assembly of ecclesiastical persons concerning religion; being the same thing, in Greek, as convocation in Latin. There are four kinds: (1) A general or universal synod or Council, where iiishops of all nations meet; (2) a national synod of the clergy of one nation only; (3) a piuvlcnm! s) nod, nheie ecciesiasiicai persons of a pl‘()\'i]lCE only assemble, being now what is called the “coni-oc:i1ion;" (4) a diocesan syn- od, of those of one diocese. See Coni. v. Green, 4 Whart. (Pa.) 560: Groesbeeck v. Dunscomb, 41 How. Prac. (N. Y.) 344.

A s_\nod in Scotland is composed of three or more presbyteries. Wharton.

SYNODAL. A tribute or payment in money pald to the bishop or archdeacon by the inferior clergy, at the Easter visitation.

SYNODALES TESTES. L. Lat. Syn- ods-men (corrupted into sidesmen) were the urban and rural deans, now the church-wan dens.

SYI-‘HILIS. In medical jurisprudence. A loathsome venereal disease (vulgarly called “the pox") of peculiar virulence. infections by direct contact, capable of hereditary trans- mission, and the fruitful source of various other diseases and. directly or indirectly, of