Page:Black's Law Dictionary (Second Edition).djvu/144

From Wikisource
Jump to navigation Jump to search
This page needs to be proofread.


BILL

14. in English law, a draft of a patent for a charter, commission. dignity, office, or appointment.

Such a bill is drawn up in the attorney genera.l‘s patent bill office. is submitted by a secretary of state for the King's signatiire, when it is called the "King's bill." and is then countersigned by the secretary of state and sealed by the privy seal, and then the patent is prepared and sealed. Sweet.

{{anchor+|.|BILLA. L. Lat. A bill; an original hill.

—Bi1ln exciunliii. A hill of exchange.-iBiIla. exonerstionis. A bill of iuding.—-Bills. Vera. (A true bill.) In old pl':iCt|(‘e. The intior.semerit anciently made on a bill of indictment by a grand jury, when they found it sufhcientiy sustained by eiidence. -1 Bi. 00mm. 306.

{{anchor+|.|BILLA CASSETUR, or QUOD BILLA CASSETUR. (That the bill be qliasiieli.) in practice The form of the judgment rendered for a defendant on a plea in abatement, where the proceeding is by bill; that is, where the suit is commenced by canine. and not by original writ. 2 Archb. Pr. K. B. 4.

{{anchor+|.|BILLET. A soldier's quarters in a civilinu‘s house; or the ticket which authorizes him to occupy them.

in French law. A bill or promissory note. Billet d ardrc. a hill payable to order. Billct d vile, a bill payable at sight. Billet do complaisanca an accommodation bill. Billet zle clian-ye, an engagement to give, at a future time, a hill of exchange, which the party is not at the time prepared to give. Story, Bills, § 2, n.

{{anchor+|.|BILLETA. In old English law. A bill or petition exhibited in parliament Cowell.

{{anchor+|.|BI-METALLIC. Pertaining to, or consisting of, two metals used as money at a fixed relative value.

{{anchor+|.|BI-METALLISM. The legalized use of two metals in the currency of a country at a fixed relative value.

{{anchor+|.|BIND. To oiiiigzite; to bring or place under definite duties or legal obligations, particularly by a bond or coienaiit; to affect one In a constraining or compulsory manner with a contract or .1 ju(l::n.ient. So long as

1 contract, an adjudication, or D, legal relation remains in force and ilrtue, and contini , w impose duties or oiillgations, it is

said to be “lmuii.n._-7." A man is lzoimil by his C()iitiil('t or prniiiise, liv a jmuinent or decree ngaii t him, by his bond or covenant, by an estoppei, etc. Stone v Bradiiury, 14 Me. 10 _. iiolmcs v. Tuttnn, 5 i. 8: El. 80' Bani: v. Ireland, 121' N. 0. 238. 37 S. E. 223; Douglas v. Hennessy. 15 R. I. 272. 10 Ali 583.

{{anchor+|.|BIND OUT. To place one under a legal obligation to sense auoihcr; as to bind out an apprentice.

136

{{anchor+|.|BISSEXTILE

{{anchor+|.|BINDING OVER. The act by which A court or magistrate requires a person to enter into a recognizance or furnish bail to appear for trial, to keep the peace, to attend as a Witness, etc.

{{anchor+|.|BIPARTITE. Consisting of, or divisible into, two parts. A term in conveyancing ilescriptive of an instrument in two parts, and executed by both parties.

{{anchor+|.|BIRRETUM, BIRBETUS. A cup of coif used formerly in England by judges and serjeants at law. Spelman.

{{anchor+|.|BIRTH. The act of being horn or wholly brought into separate existence. Wallace v. State, 10 Tex. App. 270.

{{anchor+|.|BIS. [Alt Twice.

Bis idem ezigi buns. fides non patiturg at in nntisfactinnihus non permittitur nmplius fleri quam semel Rectum ell. Good faith does not suffer the same thing to he deiuauded twice; and in making satisfaction [for a debt or demand] it is not allowed to be done more than once. 9 Coke, 53.

{{anchor+|.|BISAILE. The father of one’s grand- father or grandmother.

{{anchor+|.|BISANTIUM, BESANTINE, BEZANT. An ancient coin, first issued at Constantino- ple; it was of two sorrs,—gold, equivalent to a ducat, valued at 9s. 6d.; and silver, computed at 25. They were both current in England. Wharton.

{{anchor+|.|BI-SCOT. In old English law. A fine imposed for not repairing hanks, ditches, and causeivays.

{{anchor+|.|BISHOP. In English law. An ecclesiastical dlguitary. being the chief of the clergy within his diocese, suiiject to the archbishop of the province in which his diocese is situated. Most of the bishops are alao members of the House of Lords.

{{anchor+|.|BISHOPRIC. in ecclesiastical law The diocese of a bishop, or the circuit in which he has jurisdiction; the office of a bishop. 1 Bl. Comm. 377-382.

{{anchor+|.|BISI-IOP'S COURT. In English law. An ecclesiastical court, held in the cathedral of each diocese, the judge whereof is the bishop’: chancellor, who judges by the civil canon law; and, if the diocese be large, he has his cominissaries in remote parts, who hold consistory courts, for matters limited to them by their commission.

{{anchor+|.|BIS5EX'l‘1'LEi. The day which is added

every fourth year to the month of February,