Page:Black's Law Dictionary (Second Edition).djvu/145

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BISSEXTILE 137 in order to make the year agree with the course of the sun.

i.-np year, consisting of 3136 days, and iiqqiening every fourth year, by the addi- iimi of a day in the month of Febiuary, which in that year consists of twenty-nine days.

{{anchor+|.|BLACK ACRE and W}HT]-I ACRE Fictitious names applied to pieces of land, and used as examples in the old books.

{{anchor+|.|BLACK ACT. The statute 9 Geo. I. c. 22 so called because it was occasioned by the miti.ii;es committed by persons with their times blacked or otherwise disguised, who amipareii in Epping Forest, near Waltham, in lzscx, and destroyed the deer there, and oomniitted other offenses. Repealed by 7 8: E I.-e<). IV. c. M.

{{anchor+|.|BLACK ACTS. Old Scotch statutes passed in the reigns of the Stuarts and down to the year 1586 or 1587, so called because printed in black letter. Bell

{{anchor+|.|BLACK BOOK OF HEREFORD. In English law. An old record frequently re- [erred to by Cloweil and other early writers.

{{anchor+|.|BLACK BOOK OF THE ADMIRALTY. A Loni: of the highest authority in ad- nilraity matters, generally supposed to have been compiled during the reign of Edward iii, with additions of a later date. it eon- inlus the laws of Oierou, a view of crimes and otlenses cognizable in the admiralty, and many other matters. See DeLovlo v. Bolt, 2 Gail. 404, Fed. Cas. No. 3,776.

{{anchor+|.|BLACK BOOK 0!‘ THE EXCI-IEQ- UER. The name of an ancient hook kept in Lill‘ English exchequer. contiiinlng a collection of treaties, conventions, charters, etc.

{{anchor+|.|BLACK CAP. The head-dress worn by the judge in pronouncing the sentence of death. it is part of the judicial full dress, an: ‘s worn by the judges on occasions of aim-lai state. Wharton.

{{anchor+|.|BLACK CODE. A name given collectinly to the irody of laws, statutes, and ‘mics in force in various southern states prt-r to l-<65, which regulated the institutiz-« of slavery, and particularly those forilillrig their reception at public inns and on public conveyances. Civil Rights Cases, ill! IV S 3, 3 Sup. Ct. 18, 27 L. Ed. 835.

{{anchor+|.|BLACK GAME. In English law. Heath fowl. in contradistinction to red game, as grmie _

{{anchor+|.|BLACK-LIST. A list of persons marked out for s1)ee‘lal avoidance, antagonism, or enniity on the part of those who prepare the


list or those among whom it is intended to circulate; as where a trades-union "black- lists" workmen who refuse to conform to its rules, or where a list of insolvent or untrust- wortlu persons is published by a commercial agency or mercantile association iliasters v. Lee. 39 Ncb. 574, 58 N. W. 222; lilattison v. Railway Co., 2 Ohio N. P. 279.

{{anchor+|.|BLACK-MAIL. 1. In one of its origi- nal meanings, this term denoted a tribute paid by English dwellers along the Scottish border to influential chieftains of Scotland, as a condition of securing inimunity from raids of marauders and border thieves.

2. It also designated rents payable in cattle, grain, work, and the like. were called "black-mail," (rcditus nigri,) Lu distinction from white rents. (iilanche firmex,) which were rents paid in silver.

3. The extortion of money by threats or overtures towards criminal prosecution or the destruction of a man's reputation or social standing.

In common parlance, the term is equivalent to, and synonymous with. “extortion."~the exaction of money, either for the performance of a duty, the prevention of an injury, or the exercise of an influence. It supposes the service to be unlaw- ful, and the payment involuntary. Not infre- quently it is extorted by threats, or by operating upon the fears or the credulity, or by promises to conceal, or offers to expose, the v.eal:- nesses, the follies, or the crimes of the victim. Erlsall v. Brooks. 3 Rob. (N. 1.) 251-}. 17 Alih I’ruc. 221; Life Ass'n v. Boogher. 3 Mo. App. 173; Hess v. Sparks. 44 Kan. 405. 24 Pee. 979. 21 Am. St. Rep. 300; People v. Thompson. 97 N. Y. 313: Utterbacl; v. State, 153 Ind. 545. 55 N. Fl. 420; Mitchell 1. Sharon (0. G.) 51 Fed. 4%.

{{anchor+|.|BLACK MARIA. A closed wagon or van in which prisoners are mrrled to and from the jail, or between the court and the jalL

{{anchor+|.|BLACK EENTS. in old English law. Rents reserved in work. grain, provisions. or baser money, in cnntradistinction to those which were reserved in white money or sil- ver, which were termed “white rents." (redifus aim.) or blaneh farms. Tcmiins; “hishaw.

{{anchor+|.|BLACK-ROD, GENTLEMAN USIEER 0!‘. In England, the title of a chief officer of the king, deriving his name from the Black Roll of oilice. on the top of V\l]1l1l] reposes a golden lion, which he carries.

{{anchor+|.|BLACK WARD. A suhvassal, who held ward of the king's vassal.

{{anchor+|.|BLACKLEG. A person who gets his liv- mg by frequenting race-courses and places where games of chance are played. getting the best odds, and giving the least he can. but not necessarily cheating. That is not indictable either by statute or at common law. Barnett v. Allen, 3 Hurl. 8: N. 379.


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