Page:Black's Law Dictionary (Second Edition).djvu/255

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CONNIVANCE

by another. Oakland Bank v. Wilcox. 60 Cai 137 ; State v. Gesel.l_ 1% Mo. 531, 27 S. W, 110].

Literally, a winking at: intentional for- llEil'l‘:lll(B to see a fault or other act; generally inipiring consent to it. Vvebster.

Cnnnivance is the corrupt consent of one party to the cmnmission of the acts of the other, constituting the cause of di\ orce. Civ. I'n ‘e Lai § 112. Dennis v. Dennis. (58 Conn. lab, 36 At]. 3!. 3-1 L. R. A. 4-13, 57 Am. St ltcp. 95; Itobl-ins v. Robbins. 14:0 Mass. 5'18, 5 N. E. 837, 54 Am. Rep. 488.

Uonnirzlnce dilI(-rs from cnndonntion. though ihe same legal unnseqnences may attend ii. lily inxoives criuunality on the [mrl of the ndixidnni who cnnniws; con- il-Juulion may take place without impuling the .<h.|v:«.<l biame to the ])tIrl_v V\ll0 furghes the In,‘nry. Connwance must be tine act of the mud before the otfense has lJI.(.‘l1 committed: vu-lmatiun is the I'(‘SlIit of a lll‘l(:l'IllIl.l8ll\!l.l l_o Iurcnve un injury vxhith was not known untxi nfler it was indicted. Turton v. Tnrton. 3 Ilngg. Eco. 550.

CONNOISSEMENT. In French law. An Instrument similar to our hill of lading.

CONNUBIUM. In the civil law. Marriage Among the Romans, a lawful mar-

-i.s,ge as distin.:'uishe<l from "eoncuhinage."

tq. o.,) “l1lCll was nn inferior marriage.

CONOCIAMBNTO. In Spzmlsh law. A recognizance. White, New Rec-op. h. 3, tit. 7, c. 0. i 3.

CONOCIMIENTO. In Spanish l|1'W. A

hill of iuding. in the Mediterranean ports it Is tailed "poliza do cu.ryamiunto."

CONPOSSESSIO. in modern civil law. .\ joint possession. Mat-i:eld. Rom. Law, §

CONQUEREUR. In Norman and old Engilsh l.u\'. The first purchaser of on es- Inte; he who first brought an estate into his family.

CONQUEROR. In old English and .\‘c-on.-h law. The first purcln1ser of an estate; he who brought it into the family owning it 2 Bl. Comm. 242, 243.

CONQUEST. In feudal law. Conquest; acqunsitioii by purchase; any method of ac- quiring the ownership of an estate other than by descent. Also an estate acquired otherwise than by inheritance.

In international law. The acquisition of the sovereignty of a country by force of nrms. exercised by an independent power which reduces the vanquished to the submission of its empire. (‘astillero v. U. S., 2 Black. 109. 17 L. Ed. 360.

In Scotch law. Purchase. Bell.

247

CONSCIENCE

CONQUESTOR. Oonqneror. given to Wiilinm of Normandy.

The title

CONQUIETS. In French law The name given to every acquisition which the hus- band and Vufc. juiutiy or severally. make during the conjugal community. Thus, Whaterer is acquired by the husband and wife, either by his or her industry or good fortune, inures to the extent of one-hnlf for the bone- nt of the other. Meri. Revert. "oonqitét." Picotte v. Cooley, 10 M0. 312.

CONQUISITIO.}} In feudal and old English law. Acquisition. 2 Bl. Comm. 212

CONQUISITOR. In feudal law. A pnr- chaser, acquirer, or conqueror. 2 Bl. Comm 242. 2-13.

CONSANGUINEUS. Lat. A person re- lated by blood; a person descended from the same common stock.

—Gonsnngninens frnter. In civil and feud- al law. A half-brother by the fnther‘s side, as distinguished from jmter uteri/nus, a brother by the mother's side.

Consnngninens est quasi eodem Inn- guine natus. Co. Litt. 157 A person re- l.iie(l by consanguinity is, as it Were. sprung from the same blood.

CONSANGUINITY. Kinship; blood re- lationship: the connection or relation of persons descended from the same stock or common ancestor. 2 Bl. Comm. $2; Bludget V. Brinsmaid, 9 Vt. 30: State v. De Hart, 109 La 570. 33 Smith. 605; Tepper v. Supreme Conncii, 59 N J. Eq. 321. 45 AH. 111; Rector V. Drury, 3 I'm. (Wis) 298.

Lines] and collateral consanguinity. Lincni consanguinity is that which snhsists between pm-sons of whom one is descended in a direct iine from the other, as between son, father. grandfather, great-grandfallier, and so nnuards in the direct ascending iine: or between son. grandson. great-grandson, and so donnwards in the direct descending iine. Coi- iaterai consanguinity is that which subsists between persons who have the same ancestors. but who do not descend (or ascend) one from the nther. Thus, father and son are related by liueai eousnn;-ruinity, uncle and nr-phmv by cul- ' ity. Bl. Famm, 203; Mrs. 45 Pa. 43?: Nate v. De . 0. 33 South. 60" Brown V. IA1ar:ihoo. 90 Wis. 151, 62 N. W. 921. 30 L. R.

-0.

“Afiinity" distinguished. Consangninity. denoting blood relntionship_ is distinznxislied from “nfi-init_V." which is the connection e. in consequence of :1 n:mrr1a_se. betwcr-n e h of tile married persons and the kindred of the other. Tegarrlcn v. Phiilips, 14 Incl. Ann. 27. 4‘) N E. 3-}. '

_ . 9: German‘ v. Newell. 1 Demo (N. Y.) 25: Spear v. Robinson, 29 Me. 545. CONSCDENCE. The moral sense; the

faculty of judging the moral qusiities of actions, or of discriminating between right and wrong; particularly nppiicd to one's percep- hon and judgment of the moral quaiitles of

his own conduct, but in a wider sense, de- M