Page:Black's Law Dictionary (Second Edition).djvu/321

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D. The fourth letter of the English al- phubeL It is used as an abbreviation for a number of words, the more important and usual of which are as follows:

1. Diyestmn, or Digesia, that is, the Digest or Pundects in the Justinian collections of the civil law. Citations to this work are sometimes indicated by this abbreviation, but more commonly Ihy "Dig."

2. Dictmn. A remark or ohsermtion, as in the phrase "obiter dictum.” (q. 12.)

3. Demlssione. “On ihe demise." An action of ejectment is entitled “Doe d. Stiles v Roe;" that Is, “Due, on the demise of Stiles, against Roe."

4. “Doctor.” As in the abbreviated forms of certain ncadeuiical degrees. “)1. D..” “doctor of medicine; LL.D.," "doctor of laws;" “D. C. L.," “doctor of civil law.”

5. "Dt'stricl.” Thus, "U. S. Gil‘. Ct. W. D. Pa." stands for “United States Circuit Court for the Western District of Pennsyl- main.“

6. “Diola_rm.e." Used only in citations to the work called "Doctor and Student."

D. In the Roman system of notation, this letter stands for five hundred: and, when a horizontal dash or stroke is placed above it, it denotes five thousand.

D. B. E. An abbreviation for do Dene ease. (a. v.)

D. B. N. An abhreviation for de Donia non; descriptive of a speries of administration.

D. C. An abbreviation standing either for "District Court," or "District of Columbia."

1). E. It. I. C. An abbreviation used for Do an re nu. censucre, (concerning that matter have so decreed.) in recording the decrees of the Roman senate. Tayl. Civil Law, 564. 566.

D. J. Jmtre."

An abbreviation for “District

1). P. An abbroviation for Domus Proce- rum, the house of lords.

D. S. iii."

An abbreviation for “Deputy Sher-

D. S. E. An abbreviation for debitum ame lzrvri, or debit sans breve.

Du tun dun) his aunt, post mottem tuna tun nun unit. 3 Bulst. 1S. Give the things which are yours whilst they are yours; after death they are not yours.

_the ]ntter's person or property.

DABIS7 DABO. Lat. (Will you five? I will give.) In the Roman law. One of the forms of making a verbal stipulation. Inst. 3. 15. 1: Bract. fol. 1612.

DACION. In Spanish law. The real and effective delivery of an object in the execution of a contract.

DAGGE. A kind of gun. 1 How. Stats Tr. 112-}. 1123

DAG-US, or DAIS. The raised floor at the upper end of a ball.

DAILY. Every day; every day in the week: every day in the week except one. A newspaper which is published six days in each week is a “daily" newspaper. Richard- son v. Tobin, 45 Cal. 30: Tribune Pub. Co. v. Duluth, 45 1\IinI1. 27, 47 N. W. 309; Kingman v. Waugh, 139 Mo. 360, 40 S. W. 884.

DAKER, Blount.

or nmnn. Ten hides.

DALE and SALE. Fictitious names of places. used in the English books, as examples. “The manor of Dale and the manor of Sale. lying both in Vale"

DALUS, DAILUS, IDAILIA. A certain measure of land: such narrow slips of pusture as are left between the plowed furrows in arable land. Gowell.

DAM. A construction of wood, stone, or other materials. made across a stream for the purpose of penning beck the waters.

This word is nsed In two different senses. It properly means the work or structure, raised to obstruct the flow of the water in a river; but, by a well settled usage, it is often applied to designate the pond of water created by this obstruction. Bnrnham v. Kemrr ton, 44 N. II. 89: fioiwell v. Water Power Co., 19 N. J. Ft]. 248; Mining Co. 7. Hacnock. 101 Cal. 42. 3] Pac. 112

DAMAGE.}} Loss, injury, or deterioration. caused by the negligence, dsign, or accident of one person to another, in respect of The word is to be distinguished from its plnrai.—"dam- ages."—which means a compensation in money for a loss or damage.

An injury produces a right in them who have suffered any damage by it to demand reparation of such damage from the authors of the lnjnrv. By damage, we understand every loss or dim - nution of W hat is a man's own occasioned by the fault of another. 1 Ruth. Inst. 390. —Drn:na,ge-clear. A fee assessed of the tenth part in the common pleas, nnd the twentieth pnrt in the queen's bench and excbcqner. out of

damages exceeding flve marks recovered in