Page:Black's Law Dictionary (Second Edition).djvu/47

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ADMIRALITAS

ADMIRALITAS. L. Lnt. Admiralty; the admirajty, or court of admiralty.

In European law. An association of pri- iiite urmed vessels for mutual protection and defense against pirates and enemies.

ADMIRALTY. A court exercising juris- diction over maritime causes, both civil zilld cruninai, and marine allairs, commerce and lli1Vl{,'.ltl0l1, Controversies arising out of nets done upon or relating to the sea, and over questions of prize.

Also, the system of Jurisprudence relating to and growing out of the jurisdiction and practice of the admiralty courts.

In English law. The executive depart- aieiit or state which presides of er the naval forces of the kingdom. The normal l.lElld is the lord high admiral, but in practice the functions of the gre-.‘it ollice nre discharged by several commissioners, of Whum one is the chief, and is called the "First Lord." He is ted by other lords and by various sec- ielarics. Also the court of the ndniirai

The building Vrhere the lords of the admiriiity transact business.

In American law. A tribunal exercising jurisdiction oier nll maritime contrngts, torts, injuries, or offenses 2 Pais. l\lar. Law, .':US; New EngLiuil Marine Ins. Co. v. Dliuham. 11 Wali. 1, 21)‘, 20 L. Ed. 90; De LOIIO v. Boit, 2 Gail 59:‘, Fed. Cas. No. 3,776: The Belfast V Iioou, 7 “ali. (S21, 19 L. Ed. 2613; Ex parte Enstun, 95 U. S. 68. T2 24 L Ed. 373.

ADMISSIBLE. Proper to be received. As implied to evidence, the term menus that if is of such I] character that the court or judge is bound to receive it; that is, allow it to he introduced.

ADMISSION. In evidence. A Volun- [fll‘y iickuoiiledgment, confession, or concession of the existence of a fact or the truth of on aiiegation made by a pal ty to the suit. lioo»-velt v. Smitli, 17 Misc. Rep. 323, 40 N. Y. Supp. 381.

In pleading. The concession or acknowl- prlgiiiont by one party of the truth of some matter uilegeil by the opposite party, made in a pleading, the eI.‘t'ect of which is to narrow the areo of facts or allcgatioiis requiring to he proved by evidence. Connecticut flospitai v. Bronklield, 69 Conn. 1, 36 Atl. 1017.

In practice. The formal act of i1 court, by which attorneys or Counsellors are recognized i1s officers of the court and are iiceused to practice before it.

In corporations. The not Of 11 corporation or company by which an lndividual ac- quires the rlghts of a ineiiiiier of such corporation or couipany.

In English EC(:IBSia.StiCEI.1 law. The act or the bishop, who, on approval of the clerk

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ADMONITION

presented by the patron, after examination, deciii-es him fit to serve the cure of the church to which he is presented, by the words “admitto to hizbilc-m," I admit thee ubie. Co. Litt. 34411; 4 Coke, 79; 1 Crai-b. Real Prop. p. 133, 5 123.

Synonyms. The term "admission" is usu- eily oppiiei] to (1 a transactions and to these matters of fact in crinnniii cases which do not involve criminal intent, ishile the term “confcssion" is generally restrictetl tn l1cknoivi- ed::u1eni‘s of guilt. People v. Velnrde, 5'.) Cal. 4 burn v. Groton. 66 N. H. 1: Ati. 9 2'.‘ L. R. . 763; State v. Porter, 32 Or. 135. 49 Pac. 964.

ADMISSION TO BAIL. The order of 11 competent court or magistrate that a person accused of crime be discharged from actuni custody upon the taking of baii. Comp. Laws Nev. 1900, 5 4460; Ann. Codes 6: St Or. 1901, 5 1492; Peopie v. Solomon, 5 Utah, 277, 15 Pine. 4; Shelby County V. Simmonds, 33 Iowa, 345.

ADMISSIONALIS. An usher. Spelman.

In European la W.

ADMIT. To allow, receive, or tuke; to siiticr one to enter; to give possession; to license. Gregory v. United States. 17 Blntchf. 325, 10 Fed. Cas. 1195. See AD- mssioiv.

ADMITTANCE. In English inn‘. The act of giving possession of a copyhoid estate It is of three kinds. (1) Ijpon a vol- uut-iry grant by the lord, where the land has cscheated or reverted to him. (2) Upon surrender by the former tenant (3) Upon ilcsieut, iviiere the heir is tenant on his ancestors death.

ADMITTENDO CLERICO. A Writ of execution upon a right of presentation to u benefice being recovered in qimrc iinptrlit, addressed to the bishop or his metropolitan, requiring him to admit and institute the

cleric or presentee or the plaintiff. lteg. Orig. 33a. ADMITTENDO IN SOCIIJIVI. A Writ

for essocinting ceitziin persons, as knights and other gentieiiien of the county, to Jus-

tices of nssize on the circuit. Reg. Orig 206. ADMONITIO TRINA. A triple rl‘

threefold warning, given, in old times, to a prisoner standing mute. before he was sub- jected to the mine forte ct rlure. 4 Bl. Comm. 325; 4 Stepli. Comm. 391.

ADIVIONITION. In ecclesiastical law, this is the lightest form of pun iinent, mnsistirig in i1 reprimand and W7lI'l.\ilJ_1’,' admin- istered by the judge to the defendant, if the latter does not obey the admonition, he may be more severeiy punished, us by suspension, etc.

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