Page:Black's Law Dictionary (Second Edition).djvu/545

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GAVELET 537 GENERAL

GAVELET. An ancient and special kind of cessavit, used in Kent and London for the recovery of rent. Obsolete. The statute of gavelet is 10 Edw. II. 2 Reeve, Eng. Law, c. 12, p. 298. See Emig v. Cunningham, 62 Md. 460.

GAVELKIND. A species of socage tenure common in Kent, in England, where the lands descend to all the sons, or heirs of the nearest degree, together; may be disposed of by will; do not escheat for felony; may be allened by the heir at the age of fifteen; and dower and curtesy is given or half the land. Stim. Law Gloss.

GAVELLER. An officer of the English crown having the general management of the mines, pits, and quarries in the Forest of Dean and Hundred of St. Briavel's, subject, in some respects, to the control of the com- missioners of woods and forests. He granta gales to free mi.ners in their proper order, accepts surrenders of giiles, and keeps the registers required by the acts. There is a deputy-gaveller, who appears to exercise most of the gaveller’s functions. Sweet.

GAZETTE. The official publication of the English government, also called the "Lon— don Gazette." It is evidence of acts of state, and of everything done by the king in his poi ical capacity. Orders or adjudication in bankruptcy are required to be pub- hshed therein; and the production or a copy or the "Gazette," containing a copy or the order of adjudication, is evidence of the fact. Mozley & Whitley.

GEBOCCED. An Anglo-Saxon meaning "couveyed."

term,

GEBOCIAN. Ln Saxon law. To convey; to transfer boo land. (hook-land or laud held by charter.) The grantor was said to (whocian the allenee. See 1 Reeve. Eng. Law, 10.

GEBURSCRIPT. ln old English law. Neighborhood or adjoining district. Gowell.

GEBURUS. In old English law. A country neighbor; an inhabitant of the same gel)- ursoript, or villsge. Cowell.

GELD. In Saxon law. Money or tribute. A miilct, compensation, value, price. /in!/old was the single value of a thing; twigeld, double value, etc. So, wereyeld was the va[- ue of a man slain; orfgeld, that of a beast. Brown.

GELDABILIS. able ; geldable.

In old English law. Tax-

GELDABLE. Liable to pay geld; liable to be taxed. Kelham.

GELDING. A horse that has been castrated, and which is thus distinguished from the horse in his natural and unaltered con-

537

GENERAL

dition. A “rldgling" (a halt-castrated horse) ls not a gelding, but a horse, within the de- nomination of animals in the statutes. Brisco v. State. 4 Tex. App. 219, 30 Am. Rep. 162.

GEMMA. Lat. In the civil law. A gem; a precious stone. Gems were distin- guished by their tinnsparcncy; such as eni- eralds, chrysolites, amethysta. Dig. 34, 2, I9, 17.

GEMOT. in Saxon law. A meeting or moot; a convention; a public assemhisge. These were of several sorts, such as the witcnu-yemat, or meeting of the wise men; the folc-gamut, or general assembly of the people; the smre-gamut, or county court; the burg-genwt, or borough court; the hundred- gcmot, or hundred court; the halt’-gomot, or court-barou; the hzil-mute. a convention of citizens in their public hall; the holy-mow. or holy court: the aweiu.-ncmote, or forest court; the ward-qnote, or ward court. Wharton; Cunningham.

GEITEARCH. The head of a family.

GENEATH. In Saxon law. A villein, or agricultural tenant, (villanua m'1Hcus;) a hind or farmer, (fl-rmarius rusticus.) Spelman.

GENER. Lat. In the civil law. A son- in-law; a daughter's husband. (Filiiz Mr.) Dig. 38, 10. 4, 6.

GENERAL. Pertaining to, or designating, the _I/cmts or class, as distinguished from that which characterizes the apuies or indi- vidual. Universal, not particuiarized; as upposed to special. Principal or central; as opposed to local. Open or available to all, as opposed to select. Obtaining commouly, or recognized unlversnlly; as opposed to particular. Universal or unbounded; as opposed to limited. Comprehending the whole, or directed to the whole; as distinguished from anything applying to or designed for a portion only.

As a noun, the word is the title of a pricnipal omcer in the army, usually one who commands I1 Whole army. division, corps, or brigade. In the United States army, the riinli or "general" is the highest possible, next to the commander in chief, and is only occasionally created. The officers next in rank are iieutainut general, major general, and hrigadier general.

—Gene:-al assembly. A name given in some of the United States to the senate and house of representatives, which compose the legislative boily. See State v. Gear, 5 Ohio Dec. 5{39.—Genernl council. (1) A council consisting of members of the Roman Catholic Church from most parts of the wirid, but not from every part, as an ecumenical council. I2) One of the names of the English parliament.- General court. The name given to the leg- islature of hlassuchnsetts and of New Hamp- Sllll'P. in colonial times, and subsequently by their constitutions; so called because the

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