Page:Black's Law Dictionary (Second Edition).djvu/633

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merely free, but of good family. There were no distinctions among 1'/ngcimi; but among lilzertini there were (prior to Justin- ian's aholition of the distinctions) three vari- eties, namely: Those of the highest rank, called "(lines Romam';" those of the second rank. called "Latin/i Juriiimi';" and those

of the lowest rank, called “Dcdiiicii." Brown.

INGRATITUDE. In Roinzin law, in-

gi--ilitude was accounted a sulllcient cause for revoking a gift or recalling the liberty of a freedman. Such is also the law of France, with respect to the iirst case. But the English law has left the matter entirely to the moral sense.

INGRESS, EGRESS, AND REGRESS. These words express the right of a lessee to enter. go upon, and return from the lands in question.

INGRESSU. In English law. An im- cient writ of entry, by which the plaintiff or complainant sought an entry into his lands. A.holished in 1833.

INGRESSUS. In old English law. In- gross; entry. The relief paid by an heir to the lord was sometimes so called. Cowell.

INGROSSATOR. An engroser. In- prossator -riiagvii rotuli, engrosser of the great roll; afterwards called “clerk of the pipe." Spelman; Cowell.

INGROSSING. The act of making a fair nnd perfect copy of any dociiinent from a rough draft of it, in order that it may be executed or put to its final purpose.

INHABITANT. One who resides actu- ally and permanently in a given place, and h-is his domicile there. Ex parte Shaw, 1515 U. S. 444, 12 Sup. Ct 935. 36 L. Ed 768; The Pizarro, 2 Wheat. 245, 4 L. Ed. 226.

“The words ‘inhabitant,’ ‘citizen.’ ond ‘resi- dent,’ as employed in different constitutions to define the qualifications of electors. mean sub- stantially the snine thing; and one is an inhabitnnt. resident, or citizen at the place where he has his domicile or hon " ooley. Const. Lim. ‘G00. But the terms esident” and "inhabitant" hnve also been held not synonymous, the latter implying a more Fixed and permanent abode than the former, and importing privileges and duties to which a mere resident would not be subject. Tazewell County v. Davenport, 40 ill. 197.

INI-IABITED HOUSE DUTY. A tax assessed i.n England on inhabited dwelling- hnuses, according to their annual value. (st. 1-l & 15 Vict. c. 36; 32 G: 33 Vict. c. 14, E 11.) which is payable by the occupier, the landlord being deemed the occupier where the house is let to several persons. (St. 48 Geo. III. C. 55. Schedule B.) Houses occu- pied solely for business purposes are exempt

Bl.Law Dict.(2d Ed.)—10


from duty, although a care-taker may dwell therein, and houses partially occupied for business purposes are to that extent exempt Sweet

INHERENT POWER. An authority possessed without its being dern ed from an- other. A right. ability, or faculty of doing a thing, without receiving that right, ability. or faculty from another.

INHERETEIX. The old term for “heiress." Co. Litt. 13a

INEEJRIT. To take by inheritance; to take as heir on the death of the ancestor. Warren v. Prescott 84 Me. 483. 24 Atl. 948. 11 L. R. A. 435. 30 Am. St. Rep. 370; 1\Ic- Arthur I’. Scott. 113 U S. 340, 5 Sup. Ct. 652, 28 L. Ed. 1015. "To iii.l.iei'it to" a person is a conimon expression in the boobs. 2 Bl. Comm. 254, 255; 3 Coke, 41.

INHERITABLE BLOOD. Blood which has the purity (freedom from attainder) and legitimacy necessary to give its possessor the character of a lawful heir; that which is capable of being the medium for the trans- mission of an inheritance.

INI-IERITANCE. An estate in things real. descending to the heir 2 Bl. Comm. 201: In re Donahue’s Estate, 36 Cal. 332: Dodge's Appeal, 106 Pa. 220, 51 Am. Rep. 519; Rountree v. Purseil, 11 Ind. App. 522, 39 N. E. 747; Adams 7. Akerlund, 168 I11. 632. 48 N. E. -154.

Such an estate in lands or tenements or other things as may be inherited ‘by the heir. Termes de la Ley.

An estate or property which :1 man has by descent, as heir to another, or nhicii he may transmit to another, as his helr. Litt. § 9.

A perpetuity in lands or tenements to a man and his heirs. Cowell; Blounr.

“Inheritance" is also used in the old books where “hereditnrnent" is now commonly employed. Thuso (‘oke di\-ides liilierilances into corporeal and incorporeal. into real. persons], and mixed, and into entire nnd sev- J eral.

In the civil law. The succession of the heir to all the rights and propi-i‘i;v of the ostxite-leavcr. It is either testamentary. Wl]LI‘(' the heir is created by will, or ab intestate, K Where it arises merely by operation of law. Helnec. 6 434.

—Esta.te of inheritance. Soc EsTATE.—In- lieritance act. The English statute of i 4 \\ in. I\'. c. 106, by which the law of inli. I ance or descent has been considerably l"l](l"ll:ied.

1 Steph. (‘oinm. . ..n. 500 —In}iex-itnnee tax. L A tax on the transfer or passing of estates or property by legacy. devise, or intestate successiou; not a tax on the prapeity itself, but on the right to acquire it by dE‘Sl(:‘Ilt or testamentary gift. in re Gihon's Estate. 169 N. Y. -'1-13. 62 N. E». 561: ‘ilazoun v. Bank, 170 U S.

2.83, 18 Sup. Ct. 594. 42 L. Ed. 1037.