Page:Black's Law Dictionary (Second Edition).djvu/692

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JUSTICIATUS. Judicature; prerogative.

JUSTICIES. In English law. A writ directed to the sheriff, empowering him, for the sake of dispatch, to try an action in his county court for a larger amount than he has the ordinary power to do. it is so called because it is a commission to the sheriff to do the party justice, the word itself meaning, "You may do justice to 3 Bl. Comm. 36; 4 Inst. 266.

JUSTIFIABLE. Rightful; warranted or sanctioned iiy law; that which can be shown to be sustained by iaw; as justifiable homicide. See Iioiiicinu.

JUSTIFICATION. A mnlntuinlng or showing a suiticient reason in court why the defendant did “hut he is called upon to answer, particiilarly in an action of iibel. A defense of justification is a defense showing the libel to be true, or in an action of assault showing the violence to have been necessary. See Steph. Pl. 18-1.

In prnctiea. The proceeding by which ball estahiish their ahiiity to perform the undertaking of the bond or recognizance

JUSTIPIGATORS. A kind of compnrga1- tors, (q. 1)..) or those who by oath justified the innocence or oaths of others; as in the case of wager of law.

JUSTIFYING BAIL consists in proving the suiticiency of ball or snretics in point of property, etc.

The production of ball in court, who there justify themselves against the exception of the plaintiff.

JUSTINLANIST. A civilian: one who studies the civil law.

JUSTITIA. Lat Justi"e. A jurisdiction, or the office of 3 Judge. —Justitin piepoudrnris. Speedy justice. Brant. 3-33b.

Justitin debet ease libera, quin. nihil iniquiul vennli jurtitia; plans, quia jultitia non debet elaudicare; et celerio, qnie dilatio ell: quaarlam negatio. Justice ought to be free, because nothing is more iniquitous than venal justice; tuil. because justice ought not to halt; and speedy, because delay is a kind of denlai. 2 inst. 56.

Justitin est oonstmns et perpetnn voluntan Jns sunm cuiqrie tr-ibnendi. Justice is a steady and Iim-easing disposition to render to every man his due. Inst. 1, 1. pr.; Dig. 1, 1, 10.

Justitin est duplex, viz., severe rm. niens et vex-e px-aevemiiens. 3 Inst. Epil. Justice is douhie; punishing severeiy, and truly preventing.

Justitia est virtns axcellcns et Alfilfiir mo cumplacens. 4 Inst. 58. Justice is ex- cellent virtue and pleasing to the Most High.

Justitin. firmntur suliuzn. 3 Inst. 140. By justice the throne is eslabiished.

Justitia nemini negzindn est. Jeull. Cent. 178. Justice is to be denied to none.

Justitia non est neganda non d.lfl'erends. Jenh. Cent. 93. Justice la neither to -he denied nor delayed.

Justitin non novlt pat:-em neo mntrema solam veritatem spectat jiistitia. J IJSEILB knows not father nor mother; justice looks at truth alone. 1 Bulst. 199.

JUSTITIUM. Lat. In the civil law. A suspension or intermission of the administration of justice in courts; vacation time. Calvin.

JUSTIZA. In Spanish law. The name iinciently given to a high judicial ma.,'isti'ule. or suiirenie judge, who was the ultimate iiiterpreier of the laws, and possessed other high powers.

JUSTS, or JOUSTS. Exercises between martial men and persons of honor, with spears, on horseback; different from ttmr1iu- merits, which were ini.Litary exercises between many men to troops. 24 Hen. VIII. c. 13.

Justum non est aliqnem nntenntum znortnuzn facere bastarduni, qui pro tota vita sun pro legitimo hnbetiir. It is not just to make a bastard after his death one cider hoi'ii who all his life has been accounted legitimate. 8 Cake, 101.

J UXTA. according to.

—-Tuxtn cunventionem. According to the covenant. Fleta. iib. 4, 16. § I.‘;.—Jrixtn for-mam stntuti. According to the foini of the stariitr-.—Juxta ratam. At or lifter the rite. D_\-er, ‘~"I.—Juxta term:-em sequentem. According to the tenor ftillowiug. 2 Salk. 417. A [IIJl':'I“" used in the old books when the very words 'iiL‘ulS(‘iV[‘§ rnfrrred to were set

Lat. Near: following:

forth. Id.: 1 Ld. Rayni. -11.). JUZGADO. In Spanish law. The judiciary; the bndy of judges; the judges who

concur in i1 decree.