Page:Black's Law Dictionary (Second Edition).djvu/703

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LAND

goods, they, as well as the patent searchers, are to certify the sbipning thereof on the debentures. Enc. Lond.—-I.and—wa1-rant. The evi- dence which the state, on good consideration, gives that the person therein named is entitled to the quantity of land therein specified, the bounds and description of which the owner of the warrant may ii_x by entry and survey. in the section of country set apart for its location and satisfaction. Neal v. President, of East Tennessee Coliege, 6 Ycrg. (Tenn.) .. . —Mineral lands. In the land laws of the United States. Lands containing deposits of valuable. useful, or precious minerals in such uantities as to 'usLify expenditures in the ef- ort to extract t em, and which are more v1l- uable for the minerals they contain than for agricultural or other uses. Northern Pac. R.


Co. v. Sodcrberg, 183 U. S. 526. 23 Sup. Ct. . 47 L. Ed.

575; Deffcbarlr Lv. Ilawlce,

. Smith v. Hill, 89 ("ill 9" 26 Pac. 644: Merrill v. Dixon, 15 Nov Place lands. Lands granted in aid of a railroad company which are within certain limits on each side of the" road, and which become instantly fixed by the adontion of the line of the road. There is a well-defined difference between place lands and “indemnify lnmls." See Imnniiiurr. See Jackson v. La liloure County, 1 N. D. 238, 46 N. W. 449-—-Public lands. The general public domain; unappro- nriated lands: lands beiunging to the United States and which are subject to sale or other disposal under general laws, and not reserved or held back for ahy special governmental or public purpose. Newball v. Sanger. 92 U. S. 763. 23 L. Ed. 769; U. S. v. Garretson (C. C.) -12 Fed. 24; Northern Pac. R. Co. v. Hinchman (C. C.) 53 Fed. 526; State v. Telegraph Co.. 52 La. Ann. 1411, 27 South. 796‘-School lnnds. Public lands of a state set apart by the state for by congress in a territory) to create, h the proceeds of their sale. a fund for the estalvilishment and maintenance of public scbools.—Seated land. Land that is occu- pied, cultivated, improved. reclaimed. farmed, or used as a place of residence. Residence without cultivation, or cultivation without resi- dence, or both together, imna rt to land the char- acter of being seated. The term is used, as opposed to “unseated land." in Pennsylvania tax laws. See Earley v. Euwer. 102 Pa. 340; Stoetzel v. Jackson, 105 Pa. 567; Kennedy v. D'nly. 6 Watts (Pa.) 272: Cool Co. v. Fales, 55 a. 98.—Ewainp and overfluwud lands. Lands unfit for cultivation by reason of their swampy character and requiring drainage or reclamation to render them availabie for beneficial use. Such lands, when constituting a portion of the public domain, have generally been granted by congress to the several states within whose limits they lie. See Miller v. Tobin (C. C.) 18 Fed. 614: Ker-ran v. Ailen. 33 Cal. 546' Hogzihoom v. Ehrliardt, 58 Cal. 223: Thompson v. Thornton, 50 Cal. 144 Tide lands. Lands between high and low water mark on the sea or any tidnl water: that portion of the shore or heach covered and ucnovered by the ebb and how of the tide. Ron- rlcll v. Fay, 32 Cal. 354: Oakland v. Oakland Water Front Co.. 118 Cal. 160. 50 Pac. 277; Andros v. Knott. 12 Or. 501, 8 Pac. 76. Walker v. State Harbor Com’rs. 1'7 ‘Vail. 650. 21 L. Ed. 744.—Unsea.ted land. A phrase used in the Pennsylvania tax laws to describe land which. though owned by a private person. has not been reclaimed. cultivated. improved. occupied, or made a place of residence. See SEATED LAND. nwru. And see Stoetzel v. Jackson. 105 Pa. 567: McLeod v. Lloyd, 43 Or. 260, 71 Pac.

LANDA. a lawnd or lawn. Cowell;

An open field without wood; Blount.

695

LANDIHECTA

LANDAGENDE, LANDHLAFORD, or LANDRIGA. In Saxon law. A proprietor of land: lord of the soil. Anc. Inst. Eng.

LANDBOC. In Saxon law. A charter or deed by which lands or tenements were given or held. Spelman; Cowell; 1 Reeve, m. Law, 10.

LANDCHEAP. In old English law. An ancient customary fine, paid either in money or cattle, at every alienation of land lying within some manor, or within the liberty of some borough. Oowell; Blount.

LANDl-IA. In old English law. A ditch or trench for conveying water from marshy grounds. Spelznan.

LANDED. Consisting in real estate or land; having an estate in land.

—I.anded estate. See Es'rA'i's:.—I.a.nrled estates court. The court which deals with the transfer of land and the creation of title thereto_ in Ireiand.—I.anded property. Real estate in geneinl, or sometimes, by local usage, suburban or niral land, as distinguished from real estate situated in a city. See Electric Ca. V. Baltimore, Md. 630, 49 Atl. (355. 52 L

. . (L; indall v. Baltimore, 93 Md. 5215. 49 At]. G-l5.—La.nded proprietor. Any person having an estate in lands, whether highly improved or not. Police Jury of Parish of St. Mary v. Harris, 10 La. Ann. 677.

LANDEFRICUS. the soil.

A landlord; a lord of

LANDEGANDMAN. Sax. In old English law. A kind of customary tenant or interior tenant of a manor. Speixnan.

LANDGRAVE. A name formerly given to those who executed justice on behalf of the German emperors, with regard to the internal policy of the country. It was applied, by way of eminence, to those sovereign princes of the empire who possessed by inheritance certain estates called "luml-grwuates." of which they received investiture from the emperor. Enc. Lond.

LANDIMER. In Old Scotch law. A measurer of land. Skene.

LANDING. A place on a river or other navigable water for hiding and uniading goods, or for the reception and delivery of passengers; the terminus of a road on a river or other navigable water, for the use of travelers, and the loading and unloading of goods. State v. Randall, 1 Strob. (S. C.) 111, 4'7 Am. Dec. 518

A place for loading or unloading boats, but not it harbor for them. Hays v. Briggs, 74 Pa 373.

LANDIRECTA. In Saxon law. Services and duties laid upon all that held land, including the three obligations called "trim-

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