Page:Black's Law Dictionary (Second Edition).djvu/704

From Wikisource
Jump to navigation Jump to search
This page needs to be proofread.


LANDLOCKED

da necei-.s'itu.v," (a. v.;) quasi land rights. Cowell.

LANDLOCKED. An expression sometimes applied to a piece of land belonging to one person and surrounded by iiinii belonging to other persons, so that it cannot be approached except over their land. L. 11. 13 Uh. Div. 79.5; Sweet.

LANDLORD. He of “liOi.1] lands or ten enieiiis ore hoideu. He who, being the owner of an estate in land, has leased the s.iine for a term of years, on a renfreserired, to an- other person, called the "tenant." Jackson v. Harsen, 7 Cow. (N. St.) 326, 17 Am. Dec. 517; Becker v. Becker. 13 App. Div. 3-12, 4-6 N. Y. Supp. 17.

When the absolute proxierty in or fet~sim-

pie of the land belongs to a landlord, he is then sometimes denominated the “ground landlord," in contraiiistiiiction to such :1 one as is possessed only of II limited or particular interest in land, and who himself holds under a superior inndiord. Brown. —Lnndio1-ii and tenant. A phrase used to denote the familiar legal relation existing; between lessor and ie$ee of real estate. The reiution is contractual, and is constituted by a lease (or agreement therefor) of lands for a term ofi years. from year to year, for life, or at will.—Lnnrllorrl'n warrant. A distress warrant; a warrant from a inndlorii to levy upon the tenant's goods and chattels, and sell the some at public siiie, to compel payment of the rent or the observance of some other stipulation in the lease.

LANDMARK. A monument or erection set up on the boundary line of two adjoining estates, to fix such boundary. The removing or a lanilinurk is a wrong for which an action lies.

LANDS. This term, the plural of “i:ind," is said, at common law, to be a word of less extensive signification than either “tene- nients“ or “hereditnmeiits." But in some of the states it has been provided by statute that it shall include both those terms. —Lnnds clauses consolidation acts. The n.inie gin-n to certain English statutes. (8 Vitt. c S. nrncndovi by 2d & 24 Viet. o. 106, nnil 32 8L 3} iict. r. IS.) the object of which was to provide legislative ciniises in a convenient form for incorponitioii by reference in future special arts of parhnnient for taking lands, with or without the consent of their owners, for the promotion of railways, and other puiiiic undertniiio,-zs. Momiey 8: “'hitii-y.—Lanr1s, tenements, and hereditanientn. The technical and most comprehensive desiription of real pl'II]‘i4.‘1‘[_\, as "goods and chattels" is of personalty. Williams, Rea] Prop. 5.

LANDBLAG-H. In Swedish law. A body of common law, Compiled about the thirteenth ceutury, out of the [)IiI‘tlCl'il€1l‘ customs of every province: being aniiiogoiis to the common law of England. 1 Bl. Comm. Ur‘.

LANDWARD. Bell, App. Gas. 2.

in Scotch law. Itiiraii. 7

696

LAPSE

LANGEMAN. Inst. 5.

A lord of a manor. 1

LANGEOLUM. An undergiirment made of wool, formerly worn by the niunis, which reached to their knees. Nun. Angi. -119.

LANGUAGE.}} Any means of conveying or C0ll.|.i.ullI|iLul',li.i‘.1 iiioiis; spet-iiic.il3;., human speech, or the (CS1J|E&<ill)n oi.‘ ideas by written characters. The letter, or gi:inini.itic.ii impoit, of a document or instiunienl, as distiir guishcd from its spiiit; us "the langniige of the statute." See Behiing v. State, 1.10 Ga. ‘i5-i, 56 S. E. 85, Stevenson v. Suite, BU Ga. 4;.iu, iii 5. E. 95; Cavan v. Bruoiilyn (City 0:. Brook) 5 N. Y. Supp. 759.

LANG-UIDUS. (Lat. Sick.) In practice. The name of a retuin made by the sheriff when a defendant, whom he has t2iLen by virtue of process, is so dangerously sick that to remove him would eniiainger his life or health. 3 Chit. Pr. 2-19, 358.

LANIS DE GREECE-NTIA WALLI1!-I TRADUCENDIS ABSQUE CUSTUMA, etc. An ancient writ that lay to the customer of a port to permit one to pass wool without paying custom, he ham paid it before in Wales. Reg. Orig. Z9.

LAND NIGER. A sort of base coin, formerly current in England. Coiveii.

LANZAS. In Spanish law. A coni.u1uta~ tion in money, paid by the nobles and high otticer, in lieu of the quota of soldiers they might be required to furnish in iiar. Trevino v. Fernandez, 13 Te);

LAPEDATION. pei son to death.

The act of stoning a

LAPEDICINA. Lot. in the civil law. A stone-quarry. Dig. 7, 1, 9, 2.

I.APl'LI..I. Lat. In the civil law. Precious stones. Dig. 34, 2, 19, 1T. Distinguished froni “genis," cyemmin) Id.

LAPIS MARMORIUS. A miirbie stone about theive feet long and three feet hro.ii‘i, placed at the upper end of Westminster iiail, where was likewise a marble chair erected on the middle thereof, in which the English sovereigns anciently sat at their coronation dinner, and at other times the lord chucnciiur. Wharton.

LAPSE, v. To glide; to pass sioiviy. si-

lently, or by degrees. To slip; to deviate from the proper path. Webster. To rail or fail. —Lapse patent. A patent, for land issued in substitution for an earlier patent to the same land, which was issued to another party. but has lapsed in consequence of his neglect to avail himself of it. iicox v. Callowiiy. 1 Wash_ (Ta) 39.——Ln.psed devise. See I):-

visi:.—L.apne:i legacy. See LEGACY.