Page:Black's Law Dictionary (Second Edition).djvu/706

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LAS PARTIDAS

LAS PARTJZDAS. In Spanish law. The name of a code of laws, more fully described as “Liza Siete Paitidas." (“the seven parts," from the number of its d.ivisions,) which was compiled under the direction of Alphonso X., about the year 1250. Its sour- ces were the customary law of ail the provinces, the canon law as there adnllnistered, and (chiefly) the Roman law. This work has always been regarded as of the highest authoiity in Spain and in those countries and states which have derived their jurispru- deuce from Spain.

LASGAR. A native Indian sailor; the term is also applied to tent pitchers, inferior artillery—men, and others.

LASGIVIOUS. Tending to excite lust;

lewd; indecent; obscene; relating to sexual impurity; tending to deprave the morals in respect to sexual relations. See Swcaringen v. U. S., 161 U. S. 4-16, 10 Sup. Ct. 562, 40 L. Ed. 765; U. S. v. Britton (Com. C.) 1'! Fed. 733; Dunlop v. U. S., 165 U. S. 4:36. 17 Sup. Ct. 375. 41 L. Ed. 799; U. S. v. Durant (D. U.) 46 Fed. 753. —Lasoiv-ions carriage. In Connecticut. A term including those uanwn acts between [IL]:- sons of different sexes that How from the ex- ercise of lustful passions, and nhich are not otherwise punished as crimes against chastity and ublic decency. 2 Swift, Dig. 343. It inciu as, also, indecent acts by one against the vlill of another. Fowler v. State, 5 Day ((‘unn.) S1.—I.asoivicrus cohabitation. The offense committed by two persons (not married to each other) who live together in one habitation as man and wife and practice sexual inter- course.

LASHITE, or LASHLITE. A kind of forfeiture during the government of the Danes in England. Enc. Lond.

LAST, n. In old English law, signifies a burden; also a measure of weight used for certain commodities or the bulkier sort.

LAST, adj. Latest; most recent.

—Last clear chance. In the law of negligence, this term denotes the doctrine or rule that, notwithstanding the negligence of a plaintiff, if, at the time the injury was done, it might have been avoided by the exercise of reasonable care on the part of the dufenilnnt, the defendant will be liable for the failure to exercise such care. Styles v. Railroad (‘o., 118 N. C. 1084. 24 S. E. 740: 1\l'<~I..-imii v. Railroad Co., 122 N. 0. S61, 29 S. E. S94.- Last court. A court held by the twenty-four jui-ats in the marshes of Kent, and summoned

the bailiffs, whereby orders were made to lav and levy taxes, impose penalties. etc., for the preseniitinn of the said marshes EflC. Lond.—Last heir. In English law. He to Vll]DI1l lands come by eschcat for want of law- fui hcirs: that is. in some cases, the lord of whom the lands were held; in others, the sovereign. Co\\cll.—Iia.st illness. The immedi- ate illness resulting in the person's death. In re Duckett‘s Iktate, 1 Kuln (Pa) 227.—I.ast resort. A court from which there is no apperl is called the "court of last resort.”—I.ast sickness. Thai.‘ illness of which a person

ultimate; final ;

698

LATERAL SUPPORT

dJeS is so called. Huse v. Brown. 8 Me. 169; Harrington v. Stces, 82 Ill. 54. 25 Am. Rep. ‘.’.‘.)O; 1\lc_Voy v. Percival, Dud. Law (S. Cl 337; Prince v. Hazelton, 20 Johns. (N. Y.) 513, 11 Am. Dec. 3()7.—I.n.st will. This term, according to Lord Coke, is most commonly used where lands and tenements are devised. and “testament" where it concerns cliattels. Co. Iiitt. 111u. Both terms, however, are now generally employed in drawing a will either of lands or chattels. See I{e-agon v. Stanley, 11 Leo (Tenn.) 322; Hill v. Hill, 7 Wash. 409. 35 Pac. 360.

LASTAGE.}} A custom exacted in some fairs and markets to carry things bought whither one will. But it is more accurately taken for the haiiast or lading of a ship. Also custom paid for wares sold by the last, as herrings, pitch, etc. Wharton.

LATA CULPA. Lat. In the law of bail- ment. Gross fault or negiect; extreme negligence or carelessness, (nimia negli‘geiiiiiz.l Dig. 50, 16, 213, 2.

Iiata culpn dolo mquiparatur. Gross negligence is equivalent to fraud.

LATCI-IING. An under-ground surrey.

LATE. Defunct; existing recently, but now dead. Pleasant Y. State. 17 Ala. 190. Formerly; recently; lately

LATELY. This word has been hcld to have “a very large retrospect, as we say ‘lately deceased‘ of one dead ten or twenty years." Per. Car. 2 Show. 294.

LATENS. Lat. Latent: hidden; not apparent. See AMBIGUITAE.

LATENT. Hidden; concealed: that does not appear upon the face of a thing; as, a latent ambiguity. See Aiiinienrrr.

—Latent deed. A deed kept for twenty years or more in i1 man's scrutoire or strong-box Vi'ri;:ht v. W'right. T N. J. Law, 177, 11 Am. Dec 5-l(‘i.—I.atent defect. A defect in an article sold, which is knovin to the seller, but not to the purchaser, and is not discoverable b mere observation. See Hoe v. Sanborn. 21 . Y. 552. 78 Am. Dec. 163. So, a latent defect in the title of a vendor of land is one not discoverable by inspection made with ordinary care. Nowell v. Turner. 9 Port (Ala.) -1.3.'2.—I.atent equity. See EQUITY.

LATERA. In old records. companions; assistants. Cowell.

Sldesmen;

LATERAL RAILROAD. A lateral road is one which proceeds from some point on the main trunk between its termini; it is but another name for a branch road. both being a part of the main road. Newha‘J 1. Railroad Co., 14 Ill. 273.

IATERAL SUPPORT. The right of lateral and suhjacent support is that right which the owner of land has to have his land

snppoited by the adjoining land or the soil