Page:Black's Law Dictionary (Second Edition).djvu/707

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beneath. Stevenson v. Wallace. 27 Grat. (V'a.) 77; Farrand v. Marshall, 19 Barb. (N. Y.) 380: Foley v. “yeth, 2 Allen (Mass) 131, 79 Am. Dec. 771; 12 Amer. & Eng. Enc. Law, 933.

LATERARE. To lie sideways, in opposition to lying endways; used in descriptions of lands.

LATE, LATHE. The name of an an- rlent civil division in England. intermediate between the county or shire and the hundred. Said to be the same as what, in other parts of the kingdom, was termed a "rope." 1 Bi. Comm. 110; Cowell; Speiman.

An officor under the Saxon gov- Cow-

—Lathx-eve. _ ernment. \\ ho had auiiiority over a lathe ell: 1 Bl. Comm. 116.

LATIFUNDIUM. Lat. In the civil law. Grcat or large possessions; a great or large field; :1 common. A great estate made up or smaller ones, (fil1ldiS.) which began to lie common in the latter tiznes of the empire.

LATIPUNDUS. estate made up of smaller ones.

A possessor of a large Du Cange

LATEIII-IR. A word used by Lord Coke in the sense of nn interpreter. 2 inst. 515. Supposed to be a corruption of the French "laiinier," or "la.tiner.” Cowell; Blount.

LATIN. The 1a'll_Zll.'1,ge of the ancient Romans. There are three sorts of law Latin: (1) Good Latin, allowed by the granimarians and lawyers; (2) false or incongruous Latin. which in times past would abate original writs. though it “(mid not make void any judicial writ. declaration, or pies, etc.; (3) words of art, known only to the sages of the law, and not to §,’I‘nmiIuiiI'la.lJS, called “Law- yers‘ Latin.” Wharton.

LATINARIUS. An interpreter of Latin.

LA'l'IN'I JUNIANI. Lat In Roman law. A class of frcetlnien (iilu rfini) intermediate between the two other class(-s of freed- man called, respectively, "Gin-s Romam'" and "Dc-diti'ri'i." Slaves under thirty years or age at the date of their maniiniissiun, or miinnniitted otherwise than by viiirlicta. census, or testiimcnt-uni, or not the qiiiritnry propeity of their niannmissors at the time of mnnumission, were called “Lan'ni." By reason of one or other of these three defects, they remained slaves by strict l.iw even after their ninnumission, but were protected in their liberties first by equity, and eventually by the Lea: .]um'a Norlmmi. A. D 19. from which law they took the name of “.]um'Imi" in addition to that of “Latim'." Brown.

LA'I‘ITA'l'. In old English practice A writ which issued in personal actions. on the return of non est in-ventus to a bill of Mid-



dicsex; so called from the emphatic word in its recital, in which it was "testified that the defendant lurks [Iamut] and wanders about" in the county. 3 Bl. Comm. 286. Abolish:-d by St. 2 Wm. IV. 1:. 39.

LATITATIO. old English practice. or concealtueut of the person. 5; Bract. fol. 1%.

Lat. In the civil law and A lying hill; inrhing, D'l‘.3- 42. 4. 7.

I-ATOR. El‘; 8. l!]€SSEIig[3I'. laws.

Lat. In the civil law. A bear- Also a maker or giver of

LATRO. Lat. In the civil and old English law. A robber. Dig. 50. 10. 113; II‘leta., lib. 1, c. 38, § 1. A thief.

LATROCLNATION. a depredntion.

The act of robbing;

LATROCINIUM. The prerogative of ad- judging and executing thieves; also larceny; theft; a thing stolen.


I.A'.l‘TER—lVIA'l'H. aftermath.

A second mowing: the

LAUDARE. Lat In the civil law. To name: to cite or quote; to show one's title or authority. Calvin.

In feudal law. To determine or pass upon judjcinlly. Lauriamonium, the finding or award of a jury. 2 BL Comm. 285.

LAIJDATIO.}} Lat. In Roman law. Testimony delivered in court concerning an accused person's good behavior und integrity of life. It resembled the [)'l'a(‘tir:e which prevails in our trials of calling persons to speak to a prisoner's character. The least number of the miniature: among the Romans was ten. Wharton.

LAUDATOR. Lat. witness to character.

An arbitrator; I

LAUDEMEO. In Spanish law. The tax paid by the possessor of land held by quit- rent or emphi/teusis to the owner of the estate, when the tenant alienates his right in the property. Escriche.

LAUDEMIUM. Lat. In the civil iuw I suin paid by a new cinphytcuta ((1. in who acquires the €n7p7iyl€ll»,\'i-5‘, not as heir, but as a singular successor, whether by gilt. devise, exchange, or sale. It was a sum equ a to the fiftieth part of the purchase lnon .\". liaid to the daminua or proprietor for h ac(’.e1ii:- ance of the new (’Wi.p7i-'ijt(‘l1lll. 1\i{1(‘1\L‘il1. Rom. Law, 5 328. Called, in old English law,

“acknowledgment money." Cowei.L