Page:Black's Law Dictionary (Second Edition).djvu/711

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LAW ALWAYS CONSTRUETH

Law always construeth things to the best. Wing. Mnx. p. 720, max. 193.

Law construeth every act to be law- lul, when it stnndeth indifierent whether it should be lawful or not. Wing. Max. p. 722. max. 194; Finch. Law, b. 1, c. 3, n. 76

Low construeth things according to possibility or intendmeiit. Wing. Max. p. 705, max. 189.

Law [the law] construeth things with equity and moderation. Wing. Max. 1). 685. max 183; Finch. Law. 1). 1, c. 3, n. 74. Law disluvoreth - 'hi.Lities. Max. p. 606. max. 155.

Wing. Law di sfnvore th improbabilities. Wing. Max. p. 620. max. 161.

Law [the law] lavoreth Wing. Max. p. -.497. max. 135.

charity.

703

LAWFUL

Law hateth new inventions and inno- vations. Wing. Mnx. p. 756, max. 204.

Law hateth wrong. Wing. Max. p. 563. max. 146; Finch. Law. b. 1. c. 3, no. 02.

Law of itself prejudiceth no man. Wing. Max. p. 575, max. 148; Finch, Law, I). 1, c. 3. no. 63.

Law respeeteth matter ol substance more than matter ol circumstance. Wing. Max. p. 382. max. 101; Finch. Law, b. 1, c. 3, no. 39.

Law respeeteth ossibility ol ‘ings. Wing. Max. 11. 403. max. 10-1; Finch. Law, b. 1, c. 3. no. 40.

Law [the law] respecteth the bonds of nature. “’iug. Max. [J. 268, max. 78; Finch. Low, b. 1, c. 3. no. 29.

LAWFUL. Legal; warranted or author- having the quaiificutiuus prescribed by iaw; not coutiary to nor for-

l distinction between the terms

Law lnvoreth common right. Wing, {zed by the law: Max. p. 547, max. 144. hidden by the law. Law " .14" and - The . . huteth lolly and negligence. Vfing. Max. “h1wfui" and

IL 665. max. 172; Finch, Law, b. 1, C. 8, no. 70.

Low fnvoreth honor and order. Wing. MEL D- 739. max. 193. Law lavoreth justice and right. Wing.

Mux. p. 502. max. 141.

Law lnvoreth life, liberty, and dcwer. 1 Bacon's Works, 345.

Law favoreth mutual Wing. Max. p. 411, max. 108; b. 1, c. 3, no. 42.

recompense. Finch, Law,

Law [the law] fnvoreth possession, where the right is equal. Wing. Max. p. 375. max. 98; Finch, Law. b. 1, C. 3, no. 36.

Low lavoreth public commerce. Wing. Max. p. 738, max. 198. Law lavox-eth public quiet. Wing. Mnx.

p. 742. max. 200; no. 54.

Finch. Law. b. 1, c. 3.

Law lnvoreth speeding of men's causes. Wing. Max. p. 673, max. 175.

Law [the law] favoreth things for the cmnmonwenlth, [common wenl.] Wing. Max. p. 729. max. 197: Finch. Law, b. 1, c. 8, no. 63.

Law lnvoreth truth, laith, and cartainty. Wing. hlnx. p. 60-l. max. 154.

Law hnteth delays. Wing. Max. p. 674, max. 176; Finch, Law, b. 1, c. 3, no. 11.

“legal" is lhnt the former contemplates the substance of low, the latter the form of law. To say of an net that it is “law- ful" implies that it is authorized, sanctioned. or at any rate not forbidden, by law. To say thnt it is “lcgal" implies that it is done or performed in accordance with the forms nnd us- ages of law, or in a technical manner. In this sense “illc,g:1l" approaches the meaning of valid.” For example. a contract or will. ex cnted without the required formnlities. might be said to be invalid or illegal, but could not be descrihed as unlawful. Further, the word “iavsful" more clearly implies an ethical content than does "legal," The latter goes no further than to denote compliance, with positive, technical, or formal rules: while the former usually lllmflflftfi a moral substance or ethic-.11 ' i ii

further distinction is that

is used us the synonym of “constructive." which “lawful" is not. Thus "legal f.rn1Id" is frnud implied or inferred by law, or made out by construction. “Lawful fraud" would he a. contradiction of terms. Again. “legal" is nscd us the antithesis of “eq- nitalnle." Thus, we speak of “legal assets," “legal estate." etc., but not of “lawful assets," or “lawful est.-ite." But there are some connections in which the two words nre used as exact equivalents. Thus, a "lawful" writ, warrant. or process is the same us a "legal" wnt. vuu'- runt, or process.

—Lswful age. Full age: majority: gener- ally the age of twenty-one years. though sometimes eightaon us to a female. See Mt-Kim v. Handy, 4 Md. Ch. 23'1".--Lawful. authorities. The expression “lauful nnthorities." used in our treaty with Spain, refers to persons “ho exercised the power of making grants by authority of the crown. Mitchel v U. i. 9 Pet. 71], 9 L. Ed. 2S3.—Lawful discharge. a discharge in insolvencv as exnuern dcbtnr from his dehts. Mnson \'_ Fin :3, 12 Wheat. 370, G L. Ed. 6G0.—Lawful entry. An entry on real estate, by one out of possession, unrler claim or color of right and rritlimlt force or fraud. See Stouifer v. i‘i'1l'l'll:l, SS Kan. 135, 74 I"1c 6 , R. A. J20. 104 Am. >.—Lawful goods. Whaterer is


d to be exported by the positirem