Page:Black's Law Dictionary (Second Edition).djvu/767

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MARCHIONESS

MARCHIONESS. A dignity in 5. Woman snswerable to that of marquis in a man, con- ferred either by creation or by marriage with a nurqnis. Wharton.

MLAEE. Lnt. '1‘he sea.

—Mare cinusum. The sea closed; that is, not open or free. The title of Selden's great work, intended as an answer to the Mars Liberum of Grotius; in which he undertakes to prove the sea to be capable of private dominion. 1 hent. Comm. 27 —Mars libernm. The sea free. The title of a work written by Grotius against the Portuguese claim to an exclusive trndc to the Indies. through the South Atlantic and Indian oceans: showing that the see was not capable of private dominion. 1 Kent, Comm. 27.

MLAEESCALLUS. In Old English law. A marshal; a master of the stables; an officer of the exchequer; 11 military officer of high rank, having powers and duties similar

to those of a constable. Du Gauge. See \[AR5HAL. MARESCHAL. L. Fr. Marshal: a high

officer of the royal household. Britt. fol. ib.

MARETTUM. ed by the sea or great rivers.

Marshy ground overflow- Co. Litt. 5.

MARGIN. 1. The edge or border: the edge of a body of water where it meets the land. As applied to a. boundary line of land, the “m.irgln" of a river. creek, or other water—course means the center of the stream. Ex pnrte Jennings, 6 Cow. (N. Y.) 521. 16 Am. Dec. 447; Varick v. Smith. 9 Paige (N. Y.) 551. But in the case of a lake. buy. or natural pond, the "margin" means the line where land and water meet. Fowler v. Vree- land, 44 N. J. Eq. 268, 14 Atl. 116: Lem- heck v. Andrews. 47 Ohio St. 336. 24 N. E. 686. 8 L. R. A. 573.

2. A sum of money, or its equivalent. placed in the hands of a stockbroker by the principal or person on whose account the purchase is to be made, as a security to the former against losses to which he may be exposed by a suhsequent depression in the market value of the stock. Markham v. Jau- don_ 40 Barb. (N. Y.) 468: Sheehy v. Shlnn, 103 Cal. 325, 3: Pac. 393; Memphis Broker- age Ass'n v. Cullen, 11 Les (Tenn.) 77: Fortenhury v. State. 47 Ark. 188. 1 S. W. 53.

MARGINAL NOTE. In Scotch law. A note inserted on the margin of a deed, embodying either some clause which was omitted in transcribing or some change in the agreement of the parties. Bell.

An abstract of a reported case, a summary of the (nets, or hrief ststement of the pricniple decided, which is prefixed to the report of the case. sometimes in the margin, is also spoken of by this name.

IKARINAEIUS. An ancient word which signified a mariner or seamen. In England,

759

M A RISCH AL

ma-rimzrtus capitaneus was the admiral or warden of the ports.

MARINE. Naval; relating or pertaining to the sea; transacted at sea; doing duty or service on the sea.

This is also a general name for the navy of a kingdom or state: as also the whole economy of naval affairs, or whatever respects the building, rigging arming. equipping, navigating, and fighting ships. It comprehends also the government of naval arma- ments, and the state of all the persons employed therein, whether civil or military. Also one of the marines. Wharton. See Doughteu v. Vandever, 5 Del. Ch. 73.

—Marine belt. That portion of the main or open sea. adjacent to the shores of a given country, over vshich the jurisdiction of its municipal laws and iocal authorities extends; defined by international lawns extending our three miles from the shore. See The Alexander (I). C.) 60 Fed. 918.—iV.[ar-ins carrier. By statutes of several states this term is applied to carriers plying upon the ocean, arms of the sea, the Great Lakes, and other navigable waters within the jurisdiction of the United States. Clv. Code Go] 1903. § 2087: Rev. & Ann t. Okl. 1903, § 652; Rev. Codes N. D. 1899, 5 417fl.—Mnrine contract. One relating to maritime affairs, shipping, navigation, marine insurance, nflreightment, maritime loans, or other business to be done upon the sea or in connection with navigation.—Marine corps. A body of soldiers enlisted and equipped for service on board vessels of war; also the naval forces of the nation. U. S. v. Dunn, 120 U. S. 249, 7 Sup. CL 507. 30 L. Ed. (i(i7.—Marine court in the city of New York. A local court of New York having originnl jurisdiction of civil causes, where the action is For personal injuries or defamation, and of other civil actions where the damages claimed do not exceed $2,000. It is a court of record. It vxas originally created as a tribunal for the settlement of czxuses between seamen.—M insurance. See IN- suaANe'e.—Murine interest. Interest. allowed to be stipulated for at an extraordinary rate, for the use and risk of money loaned on respo11de1Lt‘irL and bottomry bonds.-—1VIar-lne leng-us. A measure of distance commonly employed at sea, being equal to one-twentieth part of a degree of latitude, or throe geographical or nautical miles. See Rocklond. etc._ S. , v. Fessenden_ 79 Me. 140, 8 At]. 552.—Marins risk. The pefils of the sea‘ the perils necessarily incident to navigation. Marine Society. In English law. A chn itable institution for the purpose of apprenticinc bnvs to the uavéa__i service, etc., incorporated by 12 Geo. III. C. I.

MARINIJR. A seamnn or sailor; one engaged in navigating vessels upon the sea.

MARINES. A borlv of infantry soldiers. trained to serve on hoard of vessels of war when in commission and to fight in naval en- gagements.

Maris et fcemime eonjnnctio est de jun-c natur-An. 7 Coke, 13. The connection of male and female is by the law of nature.

MARISCHAL. An officer in Scotland. who, with the lord high constable, possessed

a supreme itinerant jurisdiction in all crimes