Page:Black's Law Dictionary (Second Edition).djvu/889

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PATENT

(0. C.) 97 Fed. 60.:; Minnesota v. Barber, 136 U. S. 313, 10 Sup. Ct 862. 34 L. Ed. 455; i'e;.'ram v. American Alkali Co. (C. C.) 122 Fed. 1000.

—Piitent bill oflce. The attorney gcneral's patent bill offit-e is the oflue in “i.]i(‘lJ were for- lurly prepii-ed the drafts of all letters pat:-nt lowed in England. other than those for (ions. The draft patent was called a "hi the officer uho prepared it was called the ‘ of the patents to the quron’s attorney and solic- itor generaL" Sweet —Patent of precedence. Letters patent granted, in England. to such harrixitus us the (-roan thinks fit to honor vvilh lint mark of distinction, whereby they are entitled to such rank and preaudience as are is- .-|:ned in their respective patents, which is some- i u.-s next after the attorney general, but more u.-4 iily next after her majesty's counsel then he- in_-_'. These rank promiscuously pith the i;ing‘s (or qiieenls) counsel, but are not the sworn serrtIlJlS of the crown. 3 Bl. Comm. 28; 3 Steph

Comm. 274 —Pntent-office. In the administrative system of the l'nited States. this is one of the bureaus of the department of the interior. it has l‘llTi rge of the issuing of patents to inventors anti of such business as is connected there- with.—Patent-riglit. A right secured by patent; usually meaning a right to the exclusive maniifaeture and sale of an invention or a itr-nt- ml artirle. Avery v. Wilson C. C.) 20 Fed. .‘-'.'fi Crown Cork & Seal Co. v. State. ST l\Id. ii.\'i', 40 Ati. 1074. .53 L. R. A. 417: Com. v. (Tcntrai. etc.. Tel. Cn.. 145 Pu 121. 22 Ati. R41. 27 Am. St. Rep. 67T.—-Patent-right dealer. Any one whose business it is to sell, or otfer fur saln. patent-righ ts. 14 St. at Large, 118.—Pntent rolls. The official records of royal chartnrs and grants; (‘DVEl‘l'Eig from the reign of King John to recent times. They contain grants of offices and lands. restitutions of temporalities to ecclesiastical persons. confirmations of grants made to bodies corporate. patents of creation of peers, and licenses of all kinds. Hubb. Succ. G17; 32 Phiia. Law Lib. 429.—Pioneer pat- on patent for an invention covering a function never before performed, or a wholly novel device, or one of such novelty and importance as to mark a distinct step in the progress of the art, as distinguished from a mere improvement or perfecting of what has gone before. Westinizhouse v. Boyden Pou-er-Brake (‘o.. 170 U. S. 5?’, 13 Sup. Ct. 707, 42 L. Ed. 1136.


PATENTABLE. Suitable to be patented; entitled by law to be protected by the issu- ance of a patent. Heath Cycle Co. v. Hay (C. C.) 67 Fed. 246; l\-iaier v. Bloom (0. C.) 9:‘: Fed. 166: Boyd v. Cherry (C. C.) 50 Fed. 282: Providence Rubber Co. v. Goodyear, 9 Wall 796, 19 L. Ed. 566.

PATENTEE. He to whom a patent has been granted. The term is usually applied to one who has ohtuiued letters patent for a new invention.

PATER. Lat. Atatber: the father. In the Eli“ law, this word sometimes iuclndsd izrus. (grandfather) Dig. 50, 16. 201.

—Pat:cr pat:-iaa. Father of the country. Panms PATELE.

See

Pater is est quem nnptiin demonstrnut. The father is he whom the marriage points out. 1 Bl. Fomm. 446; Tate v. I'enne, T Iiart. (l\". S. In.) 548, 553; Dig. 2, 4, 5; Broom. Max. 516.

Bl.Law Dict.(2d Ed.)—1

881

PATRIA POTESTAS PATERPAMILIAS. The father of a family.

In Roman law. The head or master or a family.

This uord is somntiirws employed. in a wide sense, as equivalent to Jmi ;'-m-is A net-501:1 am" jurii is e ileil "'putezfun.n iii" L.en \»..i-u under the age of puherty. In the Ilfll‘I'LI\'\:l!l‘ and more common u---. a pulicrfuizziliiia is any one invested vxith patcalus ( er any pet‘: wn. it is thus as apphi-able to B. grandfather as to a father. Hunter, Rnm. Law, 49.

PATERNA PATERNXS. Lat. Patel‘- nal estates to paternal heirs. A rule of the French law, signifying that Still) portion or a decedent's estate as came to him from his father iunst llESLEll(l to his heirs on the father‘s side.

PATERNAL. That which belongs to the father or comes from him. —Psitex-nal power. The authority lawfully exercised by parents over their children. This phrase is also used to translate the Iiatin "putria poI.csta.s," (q. v.)—Paternal property. That which descends or comes to one froiu his father. g1'IllJllf.|lll€)‘, or other ascenilant or collateral on the paternal side of the house.

PATERNITY. The tact of being a tuther; the relationship or a father.

The Intln “pu.tornitiz.s-" is used in the can- on law to denote a kind of spiritual reiationship contracted by baptism. Heinecc. Elem. Lib. 1, (it. 10, 5161, note.

PATHOLOGY. 1n medical jurispru- dence. The science or doctiine of diseases That part of medicine which explains the nature of diseases, their causes, and their ymptoms. See Bacon v. U. S. liint. Ace. Ass'n, 123 N. Y. 304, 25 N. E. 399. 9 II. R. A. 617, 20 Am. St Rep. 748.

PATIBULARY. lows.

Belonging to the gal-

PATIBULATED. Hanged on a gibbet.

In old English law. A Fleta, Lib. 2, c. 3, § 9.

PATIBULUM. gallons or gib bet.

PATIENS. Lat. One who snfifcrs or permits; one to whom an act is done: the passive party in a transaction.

PATRIA. Lat. The country, neighbor» hood, or vicinagez the men or the neighbor- hood; a jury of the vielnage Synonymous, in this sense, with "71a.is."

Pntrisi. laboribus at cxpensis non debet fatigari. A jury ought not to be harassed by lahors and expemes. Jenk. Cent. 6.

PATRIA POTESTAS. Lat. In Roman law. Paternal authority: the paternal pow- er. This term denotes the ugregate of those peculiar powers and rights Which, by the

curil law of Rome. belonged to the head of a