Page:Black's Law Dictionary (Second Edition).djvu/890

From Wikisource
Jump to navigation Jump to search
This page needs to be proofread.


PAT RIA POTESTAS

family in respect to his wife, children, (natural or adopted.) and any more remote descendants who sprang from him through maies only. Anciently, it was of very extensive reach, embracing even the power of life and death, but was gradually curtailed, until finally it amounted to little more than a right in the 11atc1-fa-mil1'a.s to hold as his own any property or acquisitions of one under his power. Mackeld. Rom. Law. 5 589.

Pattie patents: in pietnte debet, non in ntrocitnte, consiltere. I'ntel‘nal power should consist [or be exercised] in affection. not in atrocity.

PATRIAREI-I. The chief bishop over several countries or provinces, as an arch- bishop iz of several dioceses. Godb. 20.

PATRIIJIDE. One who has killed his father. As to the punishment of that offense by the Roman law, see San(lars' Just. Inst. (so: Ed.) 496.

PATRIIJIUS. In the civil law. A title of the highest honor, conferred on those who enjoyed the chief piace in the emperor's esteem.

PATRIMONIAL. Pertaining to a patrimony; inherited from ancestors, but strict- ly from the direct niaie ancestors.

PATRIMONIUM. In the civil law. The mix ate and exclusive ownership or dominion of an individual. Things capable of being possessed by a single person to the exclusion of all others (or which are actually so possessed) are said to be in 1nztm'mom'o,- if not capable of being so possessed, (or not actually so possessed,) they are said to be extra pal-rwnonmm. See Galus, bk. 2, 5 1.

PATRIMONY. A right or estate inherited from one's ancestors, partluilarly from direct male ancestors.

PATRINUS. In old ecclesiastical law. A godfather. Spelman. PATRITIUS. An honor conferred on

men of the first quality in the time of the English Saxon kings.

PATRDCINIUM. In Roman law. Pat- ronage; protection; defense. The busines or duty of a patron or advocate

PATROLMAN. A policeman assigned to duty in patrolling a certain bent or district; also the designation of a grade or rank in the organized police force of large cities, a patroiman helng generally a private in the ranks, as distinguished from roundsmen, sergeants, lieutenants, etc. See State v. Wai- bridge, 153 Mo. 194, 54 S. W. 447.

882

PAUPERIES

PATRON. In ecclesiastical law. He who has the right, title, power, or privilege of presenting to an ecclesiastical benefice.

In Roman law. The former master of an emancipated slave.

In French marine law. The captain or

master of a vessel.

PATRONAG-E. In English ecclesiastical law. The right of presentation to a church or ecclesiastical benefice: the same with ad- vowson, (q. 17.) 2 Bl. Comm. 21.

The right of appointing to office, considered as a perqnislte, or personal right; not in the aspect of a public trust.

PATRONATUS. Lat. In Roman law. The condition, relation, right, or duty of a patron.

In eeolcsitutical law. Patronage, (q. '0.)

Pat:-onnm faciunt don, iedificntio, fundns. Dod. Adv. '7. Endowment. building, and land make a patron,

PATRONUS. Lzlt. In Roman law. A person who stood in the relation of protector to another who was called his "client." One who advised his client in matters of law, and advocated his causes in court. Gilb. Forum Rom. 25.

PATROON. The proprietors of certain mauors created in New York in colonial times were so called.

PATRUELXS. Lat. In the civil law. A cousin-german by the father's side; the son or (laughter of a father's brother. Wharton.

PATRUUS. Lat. An nncle by the father’s side; a father‘s brother. —Patx-nus magnns. A grandfather's brother, graudunctc.—Pntx-nun major. A ;Ireat-granll- father's brolher.—Pat1-nus manmus. great-grandfathefs father's brother.

PAUPER. A person so poor that he must

be supported at public expense: also a suitor who, on account of poverty, is allowed to she or defend without being chargeable with costs. In re Hottenfls Estate, '70 Wis. 52?. 36 N. W. 407: Hutchings v. Thompson. 10 Cash. (Mass) 238; Charleston v. Groveland, 15 Gray (l\lass.) 15; Lee County v. Lackle, 30 Ark 764. —Dispnuper. To deprive one of the status of u. pauper and of any benefits incidental thereto: particularly, to take away the right to sue in forma pzmperia because the person so smug. during the progress of the suit. has acquired money or property which would enable him to suslzun the costs of the action.

PAUPERIES. Lat. In Roman law. Damage or injury done by an irrational animal, withont active fault on the part of the

owner, but for which the latter was bound