Page:Catholic Encyclopedia, volume 17.djvu/776

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VICAB AFO8TOLZ0 760 VIOTOBIA

priest is to be away from his parish for more than a or the second combined with the first, or except in

week, or by the ordinary or superior, in case the case of necessity, on a parish priest or other cleric

pioish priest is appealing to the Holy See against having the cure of souls. Vicars general now rank

beinff deprived of nis benefice. He has all the rights as loeal ordinaries: they possess ordinary episcopal

and duties of a parish priest in the cure of souls, unless jurisdiction througnout the diocese in virtue of their

the local ordinary or the parish priest has curtailed ofSce, except in matters which the bishop has re-

them. A vicar substitute elected in case of urgent served to himself or for which the law requires a

necessity without the ordinary's approbation can special episcopal mandate.

validly and licitly assist at marriages {Nouv, Reime Under the Code this mandate is needed to excar-

ihiol . 1S21 , |> . 200) . dinate or incardinate clerics, provide for ecclesiastical

A vicar assistant is to be cpiven bv the local ordinarv offices, convoke diocesan synods, nominate or in- to a parish priest who through old age, lack of skill, stitute parish priests, remove parochial vicars, erect blindness, or other permanent cause, is unable to pious associations, reserve sins, (^nt dimissorial fulfil his duties properlv, He should be granted a letters, authorize marriages of conscience, consecrate suitable salary. If he fills the parish priest's place in places, authorise the erection of a church, declare everything, he has all his ri^ts and duties, save the relics authentic or permit the sale of sacied relics obli^tion of applying Massfor the people; otherwise when the proof of their authenticity has perished, his r^;ht8 and auties are as laid down in his letter of fix the honorarium to be paid to poor churches by appointment. If the parish priest is mentally com- those celebrating Mass there, erect, unite or collate petent, the assistant is to work under his directions benefices, grant canonical institution or authorise a m accordance with the instructions contained in change of benefice, inflict ecclesiastical penidties or the ordinary's letter. remit a penalty imposed by a vicar genexal as judge.

Vicar co-operators are usually known in Endish- or absolve excommunicated apostates, heretics, or

speaking countries as curates (q. v.). Vicars schismatics, after their offence has been brought to the

CBOonomus, substitute, or assistant can be removed at external forum of the local ordinary. Authorities

will by the bishop, or vicar capitular, but not by the differ as to the nature of the i)ower a vicar general

vicar general witnout special authorusation. If they receives with a special mandate; Stutz and Maroto

are religious they may be similarljr removed but call it ordinary; Nicolas considers it delegated;

notice should be given to their superior, who is also Vermeersch-Creusen consider it ordinary when the

empowered to remove them. numdate is granted in collating the vicarship or in

VBuiKuacH-CBBnuN, BpU. jur, ean„ 41&-430. the general formula of institution , but delegated when

Vicar ApostoUc. See Prefect Apobtoijc ^^^^a^^^^^^I Kinane says the power is not

«%.«» A'w. «^ * ABcxivx ^rx^M.xi*Axx. mcTcly delegated, but is of the same nature as that

. Vicar Capitular, (cf. C. E., XV— 401d) .— When f<3uired by the general mandate, and consequently

an episcopal vacancy occurs, only one vicar capitular follows the same rules m regard to delegation,

can be chosen by the chapter, otherwise the election . A ^car general has the right of precedence, both

would be invalid, any custom to the contrary being ^ P«b"o »»<! pnvate, over all the other diooesan

reprobated; this had long been a disputed point clergy, not excluding the cathedral digmtanes and

among canonists. The candidate must be chosen by canons, even in choir and m capitular sessions, unless

an absolute majority of the valid votes cast; he must w^^^ a cleric has received episcopal consecration

be a priest, at least thirty years old, and must not have f°^ ^ 2^ general has not; the vicar during his

been elected, nominated or presented to the vacant *^"^ ?L°T7?®^?"1? "^\^ the pnyileges and msi^ia

see, otherwise his selection would

metropolitan, or, if he is dead, i bishop on learning the facts would the vicar for that occasion. His election requires no confirmation; he obtains ordinary episcopal juris- Vich, Diocebe of (Vicenbis, Aubonenbib; cf.

diction in spiritual and temporal matters from the C.E.,XV — 105d), in Spain, suffragan of Tarragona,

moment he makes his profession of faith, and is boimd The present bishop is tne Rt. Rev. Francisco Muftos

by the law of residence. He must apply Mass for y Izquierdo, b. at Burjasot. 28 April, 1868. ordained

the people, like a bishop; and receives a salary the m 1862, elected 5 May, 1916, consecratea 15 Oct.,

amount of which is fixed by a provincial council or published 4 Dec. following. He succeeded the Rt.

custom. If he is a bishop he enjoys the honorary Rev. Jos6 Torras y Bagte who died 7 Feb., 1916.

privileges of a titular bishop, otherwise he has only A congress of the Marian Congregations of Catalufia

those of a titular apostolic prothonotary. If he is and the Balearic Islands was neld at Vich, 1 May,

elected or nominated to the oishoprio he can retain 1921. The following distingiushed clergymen have

lus office until he takes canonical possession of his died since 1912: Rt. Rev. Jos6 Torras y Bagds,

see as bishop. Bishop of Vich, a learned and cultured scholar who

VBBMSBBsca-CBiiuraN.^pii.yijr.ean., 383-391. was honored by Pius X and Benedict XV, died 7

ir4— /i«n«*«i f^t n V YT7_^iAo \ A Feb., 1916; Very Rev. Juan CoUell y Cuatrecasas,

Vicar Ctoml (cf. C. E,, 3g^-pc) -A vicar founder of the dngregation of the Little Servanti

nmeml must be a secular pnest Ito than thirty years of the Sacred Hesrt ofJesus, died Oct., 1921. In

old; formerly the minimum age was twenty-five; 1921 the diocese contained 280 parishes,* 580

SS" S a dS tf SSk£ltSJ S^/i^^^ churches. 21 convents for men, 97 fo^womeA with


f legitimate churches, 21 convents for men, 97 for women of regulMS, 573 Sisters, 823 secular priests, 161 regulars, 1 (


-*'*7'r"'^„rf t 7«-'r*'-* y«"x,p ^* «»" oui~u y* scnoois for gu-ls (270 teachers); 4 high schools (18

preUte nulhus, but not by a vicar or prefect apostohc teachers); 1 training school (6 t^chersT^JS studente).

i^J? Jw?7m^' \Qim'*® of a concession of There are also in the diocese 6 asylum^, 10 hoq>itals,

Benedict XV (6 Nov., 1919) may, if it is neoessaiy, 4 settlement houses. Numerous perioicals JS^pub-

appomt vicars delepate, who have practically the lighed in the diocese, same powers and duties as a vicar general (Acta

Apos. Sedis, 1920, p. 120). The office of vicar gen- Victoria, Diocsss of (Victorienbis in ins.

eral is not to be conferred on the canon penitentiary Vancouver; cf. C. E., XV— 412c), in British

or a relative of the bishop, especially in the first degree Columbia. The present administrator is the Rt.