Page:Compendious Syriac Grammar.djvu/82

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§ 63.
— 44 —

Such Interjections are ܐܘّ‎⁠ (§ 9), ܐܘܿܢ "O!" ܝܳܝ, ܝܳܐ "O!"; ܐܘܿܗ "Ah!"; ܐܷܗܶܐ "Ho! Ho!" (in mockery), &c. Also the demonstrative form ܗܳܐ "Here!" "Lo!", which is greatly employed in the formation of Pronouns and Adverbs, is to be regarded as originally an interjection.

 

 
Nouns.

I. NOUNS.

Pronouns.1. PRONOUNS.[1]

Personal Pronouns. Subject-Forms.PERSONAL PRONOUNS.

§ 63. (a) Subject-Forms.

Separate Forms. Enclitic Forms.
Singular. 1. person "I" ܐܷܢܳܐ (ܐܿܢܐ) ܐ̄ܢܳܐ (ܐܼܢܐ), ܢܳܐ
2. pers. "Thou" m. ܐܱܢ̄ܬ݁ ◌ܰܬ݁
f. ܐܱܢ̄ܬ݁ܝ ◌ܰܬ݁ܝ
3. pers. m. "He" ܗܼܽܘ ܗ̄ܘ, ܘ (§ 38)
f. "She" ܗ̣ܺܝ ܗ̄ܝ
Plural. 1. person "We" ܐܚܢܢ, ܚܢܱܢ ܢܱܢ
2. pers. "You" m. ܐܱܢ̄ܬ݁ܘܿܢ ܬܘܿܢ
f. ܐܱܢ̄ܬܷ݁ܝܢ ܬܷܝܢ
3. pers. "They" m. ܗܼܶܢܘܿܢ ܐܷܢܘܿܢ
f. ܗܼܶܢܷܝܢ ܐܷܢܷܝܢ

On ܗܽܘܢܽܘ "he is", ܗܽܝܺܝ "she is" v. § 38.

Rem. The form ܐܢܚܢܢ,—(originally anaḥnån, but in our literature certainly no longer of three syllables, indeed seldom having two as ånaḥnan, and commonly being monosyllabic in speech, and merely a remnant of early orthography for ܚܢܱܢ, ܢܱܢ),—is found only in old manuscripts.

ܐܷܢܘܿܢ, ܐܷܢܷܝܢ, besides representing enclitic Subject-forms or Copula-forms (§ 311 sq.), represent also for the 3rd pers. pl. the Object, which is ex-
  1. Notice the points (§ 6), which with many of these words are set down almost without exception, even with the full vocalisation.