Page:Gesenius' Hebrew Grammar (1910 Kautzsch-Cowley edition).djvu/412

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 [121b]  Other examples are: after Niph., Gn 418 וַיִוָּלֵד לַֽחֲנוֹךְ אֶת־עִירָד and unto Enoch was born Irad (cf. Nu 2660, and after an infinitive, Gn 215); Gn 175, 218 (after an infinitive); 29:27 (unless וְנִתְּנָה is 1st plur. cohortative); Ex 2128, 2528, Lv 613, Nu 710 (after an infinitive); 26:55 (cf. verse 53); Dt 208 (where, however, for יִמַּס the Hiph. יַמֵּס should be read, according to 1:28); Jos 715, Is 1610; with the object preceding, Ex 137, Lv 28, 1920, Nu 1629, Dan 9:24.[1]— Also after Puʿal, Jer 5020; before Puʿal, Is 143 (אֲשֶׁד equivalent to the internal object עֲבֹדָה=which they have caused to be served by thee); Jb 229; according to the Masoretic text also Gn 4622, where, however, the Samaritan and LXX read יָֽלְדָת for יֻלַּד; the Samaritan in Gn 3526 and 46:27 also reads יָֽלְדוּ, and this (or יֻלַּד) should certainly be read instead of יֻלְדוּ in 2 S 2122.—After Hoph., Ex 108, 277, Lv 1018, 1627, Nu 325, 1 K 221, Pr 1633, Jb 3015; after the infinitive Hoph., Gn 4020, Ez 164 f., 27:7; before Hoph., Is 171, 212, Ho 106, Zc 136; after the infinitive Hothpaʿel, Lv 1355 f.

 [121c2. Verbs which in the active take two accusatives (§117cc) retain in the passive construction at least one accusative, namely that of the second or remoter object, whilst the nearer object now becomes the subject. Thus, corresponding to אֲשֶׁר אַרְאֶ֫ךָּ which I will show thee (Gn 121) the passive is אֲשֶׁר אַתָּה מָרְאֶה (Ex 2540) which thou hast been shown, i.e. which has been shown to thee; cf. Ex 2630 (but in Lv 1349 with an accusative of the person); Jb 73. In ψ 2216 מֻדְבָּק מַלְקוֹחָ֑י depends on an assumed transitive הִדְבִּיק governing two accusatives (= my tongue is made to cleave to my jaws); also in Is 120, חֶ֫רֶב תְּאֻכְּלוּ ye shall be devoured with the sword, חֶרֶב is not an accus. instrumenti, but most probably an accusative of the object retained from the active construction.[2]

 [121d]  Rem. 1. Examples of the retention of the second accusative are—(a) with verba induendi and exuendi (§117cc), ψ 8011, כָּסּוּ תָרִים צִלָּתּ the mountains were covered with the shadow of it (the vine); Pr 1923. So also some of the examples in §116k of passive participles of these verbs, Ju 1811, 1 S 218, 175, 1 K 2210,

  1. In 2 K 1830 יִנָּתֵן is to be read or אֶת־ is to be omitted, as in the parallel passage Is 3615.
  2. In the active, the sentence would be I will cause the sword to devour you; by the rule stated above, under c, this would become in the passive, the sword (nom.) shall be made to devour you (acc.). Instead of this, the remoter object is here made the subject, and the nearer object is retained in the accusative. Otherwise, the only possible explanation would be, according to the Arabic idiom, to cause one to devour the sword (remoter object), i.e. to give him over to it. It would then be simplest to read תֹּֽאכְלוּ.