Page:Gesenius' Hebrew Grammar (1910 Kautzsch-Cowley edition).djvu/349

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express the distinct assurance or promise that an action or state will ensue as the certain consequence of a previous action. So especially:

(a) The imperative when depending (with wāw copulative) upon another imperative. In this case the first imperative contains, as a rule, a condition, while the second declares the consequence which the fulfilment of the condition will involve. The imperative is used for this declaration, since the consequence is, as a matter of fact, intended or desired by the speaker (cf. divide et impera), e.g. Gn 4218 זֹאת עֲשׂוּ וִֽחְיוּ this do, and live, i.e. thus shall ye continue to live. Gn 171, 1 K 2212, 2 K 513, Is 3616, 4522 (וְהִוָּֽשְׁעוּ), Jer 616, Am 54, 6, ψ 3727, Pr 33f., 4:4, 7:2, 13:20 Keth., Jb 29, 2 Ch 2020; in Jer 255, Jb 2221 נָא is added to the first imperative. In other cases, the first imperative contains a mocking concession, the second an irrevocable denunciation, e.g. Is 89 רֹ֫עוּ עַמִּים וָחֹ֫תּוּ (continue to) make an uproar, O ye peoples, and ye shall be broken in pieces; cf. verse 9 b.

 [110g]  Rem. 1. If a promise or threat dependent on an imperative be expressed in the 3rd pers. then the jussive is naturally used instead of the 2nd imperative Is 810, 552.

 [110h]  2. In Pr 2013 the second imperative (containing a promise) is attached by asyndeton; elsewhere two imperatives occur side by side without the copula, where the second might be expected to be subordinated to the first, e.g. Dt 224 הָחֵל רָשׁ (where רָשׁ is virtually, as it were, an object to הָחֵל) begin, take in possession for to take in possession (cf., however, Ju 196 הֽוֹאֶל־נָא וְלִין be content, I pray thee, and tarry all night, and on this kind of co-ordination in general, cf. §120d). But such imperatives as (לְכוּ) לֵךְ, (ק֫וּמוּ) קוּם, when immediately preceding a second imperative, are for the most part only equivalent to interjections, come! up!

 [110i]  (b) The imperative, when depending (with wāw copulative) upon a jussive (cohortative), or an interrogative sentence, frequently expresses also a consequence which is to be expected with certainty, and often a consequence which is intended, or in fact an intention; cf. Gn 207 and he shall pray for thee, וֶחְֽיֵה and thou shalt live; cf. Ex 1416, 2 K 510, Jb 116, ψ 1285 the Lord bless thee ... so that (or in order that) thou seest, &c.; Ru 19, 411; after a cohortative, Gn 122, 4518, Ex 310 וְהוֹצֵא that thou mayest bring forth; Ex 1822, 1 S 1217, 1 K 112; Jer 3515 (after imperative and jussive); after an interrogative sentence, 2 S 213 wherewith shall I make atonement, וּבָֽרֲכוּ that ye may bless, &c.—In Nu 519 the imperative without וְ (in 32:23 with וְ) is used after a conditional clause in the sense of a definite promise.

 [110k]  Rem. The 2nd sing. masc. occurs in addressing feminine persons in Ju 420 (עֲמֹד, according to Qimḥi an infinitive, in which case, however, the infinitive absolute עָמֹד should be read; but probably we should simply read עִמְדִי with Moore), Mi 113 and Zc 137 (after עוּרִי); and in Is 231, the 2nd plur. masc. (On