Page:Indian Copyright Act 1957.djvu/14

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54
[act 14
Copyright

16. No person shall be entitled to copyright or any similar right No copyright except as provided in this Act.in any work, whether published or unpublished, otherwise than under and in accordance with the provisions of this Act or of any other law for the time being in force, but nothing in this section shall be construed as abrogating any right of jurisdiction to restrain a breach of trust or confidence.


CHAPTER IV

Ownership of copyright and the rights of the owner

17. Subject to the provisions of this Act, the author of a work First owner of copyright.shall be the first owner of the copyright therein:

Provided that—

(a) in the case of a literary, dramatic or artistic work made by the author in the course of his employment by the proprietor of a newspaper, magazine or similar periodical under a contract of service or apprenticeship,for the purpose of publication in a newspaper,magazine or similar periodical,the said proprietor shall,in the absence of any agreement to the contrary,be the first owner of the copyright in the work in so far as the copyright relates to the publication of the work in any newspaper,magazine or similar periodical,or to the reproduction of the work for the purpose of its being so published,but in all other respects the author shall be the first owner of the copyright in the work;
(b) subject to the provisions of clause (a), in the case of a photograph taken,or a painting or portrait drawn, or an engraving or a cinematograph film made,for valuable consideration at the instance of any person,such person shall,in the absence of any agreement to the contrary,be the first owner of the copy-right therein;
(c) in the case of a work made in the course of the author's employment under a contract of service or apprenticeship, to which clause (a) or clause (b) does not apply, the employer shall, in the absence of any agreement to the contrary, be the first owner of the copyright therein;
(d) in the case of a Government work, Government shall,in the absence of any agreement to the contrary, be the first owner of the copyright therein;
(e) in the case of a work to which the provisions of section 41 apply; the international organisation concerned shall be the first owner of the copyright therein.