Page:Introductory Hebrew Grammar- Hebrew Syntax (1902).djvu/199

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O that this mind of theirs might be to them (always), to fear, &c. With perf. Job 23:3 (stative v.).


§ 136. The uses of the conjuction and are various. On vav conv., § 46 seq. On vav of purpose after imper. &c., § 64 seq. On vav apod. in conditional sent., § 130 seq.; after casus pendens, &c., § 50, 56. On various senses of vav in circumstantial cl., § 137. On vav of equation, § 151.

The conjunc. vav, used to connect words, sometimes stands before each when there is a number of them: Gen. 20:14; 24:35, Deu. 12:18; 14:5, Jos. 7:24, 1 S. 13:20, Hos. 2:20, 21, Jer. 42:1; or only with the concluding words of a series, Gen. 13:2, 2 K. 23:5, e.g. with the last of three; or only with second, Deu. 29:22, Job 42:9; or sometimes the words are disposed in pairs, Hos. 2:7.

Bothand is expressed by גַּם ··· גַּם or גַּם ··· וְגַם. Gen. 24:25 גַּם־תֶּבֶן גַּם־מִסְפּוֹא both straw and provender. Or with several words, 43:8 גַּם־אֲנַחְנוּ גַּם־אַתָּה גַּם טַפֵּנוּ both we and thou and our children. Jud. 8:22. — 1 S. 2:26 גַּם עִם־י׳ וְגַם עִם־אֲנָשִׁים both with Je. and with men. — Gen. 44:16; 47:3, 19, Nu. 18:3, Zeph. 2:14. — Gen. 24:44, 1 S. 12:14; 26:25. When influenced by a neg. this bothand becomes neithernor, Nu. 23:25, 1 S. 20:27; 21:9, 1 K. 3:26, cf. 1 S. 16:8 neither this one, &c. Less commonly and mainly later וְ ··· וְ is bothand. Ps. 76:7 נִרְדָּם וְרֶכֶב וָסוּס both chariot and horse are sunk into sleep. Nu. 9:14, Jer. 32:20 both in Isr. and, &c., Dan. 8:13, Job 34:29.

Rem. 1. For the various uses of and the Lexicon must be consulted. (a) It occasionally has the sense of also, Hos. 8:6 וְהוּא, 2 S. 1:23 also in their death.

(b) There is a dislike to begin a sentence without and, hence even Books are commenced with it, Ex. 1:1, Ru. 1:1. Hence also speeches begin with it. Jos. 22:28