Page:Introductory Hebrew Grammar- Hebrew Syntax (1902).djvu/200

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וַנֹּאמֶר וְהָיָה and we said, It shall happen. Jer. 9:21, so probably Is. 2:2.

(c) The and has a sort of exegetical force, with a certain emphasis on the word that explains, Ps. 74:11 thy hand and (even) thy right hand. Ps. 85:9 to his people and to his saints. Zech. 9:9 and on a colt. Ps. 72:12 the poor and he that (i.e. who) has no helper. Often with the sense and that, Am. 3:11 a foe וּסְבִיב and that round about the land; 4:10 and that into your nostrils. Jud. 7:22, Is. 57:11, Jer. 15:13, Zech. 7:5, Neh. 8:13, 1 Chr. 9:27, 2 Chr. 29:27, Ecc. 8:2. Comp. 2 S. 13:20 וְשֹׁמֵמָה, Ps. 68:10 וְנִלְאָה, Lam. 3:26 וְדוּמָם and that in silence. Somewhat different 2 S. 3:39 וּמָשׁוּחַ מֶלֶךְ though anointed king.

(d) The vav is common to introduce what is consequential or follows from what precedes, so, then, e.g. with imper. Jud. 8:24 I will make a request וּתְנוּ־לִי Give me, &c. 2 K. 4:41; 7:13, Nu. 9:2, Ez. 18:32, Ps. 45:12 worship him. Cf. Salkinson Matt. 8:3 I will, וּטְהָר be thou clean, which is better than the bare טְהָר of Del. — Particularly in dialogue the vav attaches to something said (or understood) with various shades of sense, often introducing an interrogation. Jud. 6:13 the Lord is with thee; וְיֵשׁ י׳ עִמָּנוּ וְלָמָּה If Je. be with us, Why …? Ex. 2:20 וְאַיּוֹ Where is he? Nu. 12:14; 20:3, 1 S. 10:12; 15:14, 2 S. 18:11, 12, 23; 24:3, 1 K. 2:22, 2 K. 1:10; 2:9; 7:19. Peculiar 2 S. 15:34 עֶבֶד אָבִיךָ וַֽאֲנִי מֵאָז thy father’s servant — that was I formerly, &c. In the specimens of letters preserved, the salutation and compliments appear omitted, and the letter begins וְעַתָּה and now, 2 K. 5:6; 10:2, As Ar. ˒amma ba˓du.

CIRCUMSTANTIAL CLAUSE

§ 137. The cir. cl. expresses some circumstance or concomitant of the principal action or statement. Such a circumstance will generally be concerning the chief subject (whether gramm. subj. or obj.) of the main action, but the subj. of cir. cl. may be different, provided what is said of it be circumstantial of the main action — whether modal of it or contemporaneous with it.