Page:Introductory Hebrew Grammar- Hebrew Syntax (1902).djvu/29

From Wikisource
Jump to: navigation, search
This page needs to be proofread.


Rem. 3. The adverbial complement there, thither, &c., is omitted after the compound באשׁר, בכל אשׁר, אל אשׁר, אשׁר על, מאשׁר, &c., in designations of place, Ex. 5:11; 32:34, Jos. 1:16, Jud. 5:27, 1 S. 14:47; 23:13, 2 S. 7:9; 8:6; 15:20, 1 K. 18:12, 2 K. 8:1. In Gen. 21:17 there is expressed in the nominal sent. (Ar. haithu hua).

Rem. 4. On use of זֶה, &c. as Rel. § 6, R. 3, and on Art. as Rel. § 22, R. 4.

OTHER PRONOMINAL EXPRESSIONS

§ 11. The want of a reflexive pronoun is supplied in various ways. (a) By the use of reflexive forms of the verb (Niph., Hith.). Gen. 3:10 וָֽאִירָא וָאֵֽחָבֵא I was afraid, and hid myself. 45:1 לֹא יָכֹל לְהִתְאַפֵּק he was unable to control himself. 3:8; 45:1; 42:7, 1 S. 18:4; 28:8, 1 K. 14:2; 20:38; 22:30.

(b) By the ordinary personal pron., simple or suff. Is. 7:14 יִתֵּן אֲדֹנָי הוּא the Lord Himself will give. Ex. 32:13 אשׁר נִשְׁבַּעְתָּ לָהֶם בָּךְ to whom thou didst swear by thyself. Jer. 7:19 הַֽאֹתִי הֵם מַכְעִיסִים הֲלֹא אֹתָם do they provoke me? is it not themselves, &c. Gen. 3:7; 33:17, Ex. 5:7, 11, Is. 3:9; 49:26; 63:10, Hos. 4:14, Pr. 1:18, Job 1:12.

(c) By a separate word, esp. נֶפֶשׁ. Am. 6:8 נִשְׁבַּע י׳ בְּנַפְשׁוֹ Je. has sworn by himself. 1 S. 18:1, 3. Plur., Jer. 37:9. So לֵב, קֶרֶב heart. Gen. 8:21 וַיּאֹמֶר י׳ אֶל־לִבּוֹ and Je. thought with himself. 18:12 וַתִּצְחַק שׂ׳ בְּקִרְבָּהּ Sarah laughed within herself. Gen. 24:45, 1 S. 1:13; 27:1, 1 K. 12:26, Hos. 7:2. Also פָּנִים face, presence, self, esp. in later style. 2 S. 17:11 וּפָנֶיךָ הֹֽלְכִים בַּקְּרָב thou thyself going into battle (rd. perh. בְּקִרְבָּם among them). Ez. 6:9 וְנָקֹטּוּ בִפְנֵיהֶם they shall loathe themselves. Ex. 33:14, Deu. 4:37, Ez. 20:43; 36:31, Job 23:17. In ref. to things, עֶצֶם bone, self-same, self. Ex. 24:10; chiefly PC. and Ez. Gen. 7:13, Ez. 24:2.