Page:Introductory Hebrew Grammar- Hebrew Syntax (1902).djvu/55

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24:2, though usage fluctuates, Gen. 14:22; 28:5, Ex. 3:6, 16 with 4:5, 1 K. 18:36. There is nothing unusual in several gen. after one cons. Deu. 5:19; 8:8; 32:19, Jud. 1:7, 9, Is. 1:11, 28; 37:3; 64:10, Ps. 5:7, Pr. 3:4. On the other hand Deu. 8:7, 15, &c., are ex. of loose rhetorical accumulation of terms. Cf. Deu. 3:5, 1 K. 4:13.

Rem. 5. Circumscription of the gen. is used: 1. When it is needful to preserve the indefiniteness of first word. 1 S. 16:18 בֵּן לְיִשַׁי a son of Jesse, 1 S. 17:8, 1 K. 2:39, Gen. 41:12, Nu. 25:14, Song 8:1. Similarly the so-called ל of authorship, מִזְמוֹד לְדָוִד a psalm of D., or simply לְדָוִד by David. 2. When it is desired to retain for the first noun the somewhat greater distinctiveness given by the Art. Gen. 25:6; 29:9; 47:4, Jud. 6:25, 1 S. 21:8, 1 K. 4:2, 2 K. 5:9, Ps. 116:15; 118:20. 3. When it is necessary to retain a definite designation or expression in its completeness. 1 K. 15:23 מפר דִּבְרֵי הַיָּמִים לְמַלְכֵ׳ יה׳ the book of the Chronicles of the Kings of Judah, 2 K. 11:4 the centurions, Ru. 2:3 חֶלְקַת הַשָּׂדֶה לְבֹעַז the field-portion (property) of Boaz, 2 S. 23:11 the field-portion (piece of country); cf. 2 K. 9:25, Nu. 27:16; 30:2, Gen. 41:43, Jos. 19:51, 2 S. 2:8, 2 Chr. 8:10. Sometimes also with words not declinable, as Teraphim Gen. 31:19. And in general to express the gen. relation of, belonging to, in consns. where the case could not be used. Am. 5:3 of, in, the house of Isr., 1 K. 14:13, Jer. 22:4, Am. 9:1, Ezr. 10:14, 1 Chr. 3:1, 5; 7:5. 4. For the same reason the circumscription is usual in dates and with numerals. Gen. 7:11 in the 600 year לְהַיֵּי נֹהַ of the life of N., 1 K. 3:18 ביום השׁלישׁי לְּלִדְתִּי, Gen, 16:3, 1 K. 14:25, and often. Cf. on dates, § 38c. The circums. occurs, however, without significance and gains in later style, Ps. 123:4, 1 S. 20:40, Jer. 12:12 חרב לַֽיהוה the sword of Je. 5. The gen. suff. is circumscribed in the same way, perhaps with some emphasis. 1 K. 1:33 הַפּרְדָּה אשׁר לִי my mule; cf. v. 38, Ru. 2:21, Lam. 1:10, cf. 3:44. So the curious אשׁה לי my wife (a w. of mine) 2 Chr. 8:11. After suff. Song 1:6 כרמי שֶׁלִּי my own vineyard, Ps. 132:11, 12.

Rem. 6. A noun in appos. with a cons. is sometimes attracted into construction. 1 S. 28:7 אֵשֶׁת בַּֽעֲלַת אוב a woman