Page:Introductory Hebrew Grammar- Hebrew Syntax (1902).djvu/57

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If the personal name be second the nota acc. את or prep. if before the appellative has to be repeated. Gen. 24:4 לִבְנִי לִיִצְחָק to my son Isaac; 21:10. Gen. 4:2 וַתֹּסֶף לָלֶדֶת אֶת־אָחִיו אֶת־הֶבֶל bore his brother Abel; and את is usual before the proper name even when the appell. wants it, particularly if any word come between them. Is. 7:6; 8:2, Gen. 22:20, 21; 48:13, Ex. 1:11; Jud. 3:15, 1 K. 11:14. On the other hand, there is no repetition of את or prep. with appell. when second. Gen. 16:3 אֶת־הָגָר שִׁפְחָתָהּ took H. her maid; 11:31; 12:5; 14:16; 20:14; 24:59. Gen. 4:8 וַיָּקָם אֶל־הֶבֶל אָחִיו rose up against Ab. his brother. — Gen. 11:28, Jud. 8:27, 2 S. 7:8, 10, Is. 22:20. Cf. Gen. 43:28, 2 S. 11:17.

(b) The person or thing and its class. 1 K. 7:14 אִשָּׁה אַלְמָנָה a woman, a widow (widow woman); 2 K. 9:4 הַנַּעַר הַנָּבִיא the prophetical youth (not, the youthful prophet); Ex. 24:5 זְבָחִים שְׁלָמִים sacrifices (of) peace-offerings (gen. זִבְחֵי שׁ׳ later). Deu. 22:23, 1 S. 2:13, 2 S. 10:7. Gen. 21:20 a shooter, a bowman, and 6:17 the flood, waters; the second word merely explains the archaic or unusual first.

(c) The thing and its material, which may also be considered the individual and its general class. 2 K. 16:17 הַבָּקָר הַנְּחשֶׁת the brazen oxen; Deu. 16:21 אֲשֵׁרָה כָּל־עֵץ an Ashera (of) any wood; Ex. 39:17 הָֽעֲבֹתֹת הַזָּהָב the cords (of) gold; Ex. 28:17 four טוּרִים אֶבֶן rows (of) stones (gen. 39:10); 2 Chr. 4:13, two rows pomegranates, Ez. 22:18, 1 Chr. 15:19, Zech. 4:10-1 Chr. 28:18 הַכְּרוּבִים זָהָב the cher. (of, in) gold, Lev. 6:3. In 2 K. 16:14 rd. perh. abs. המזבֵּחַ; but cf. 23:17.

(d) The measure, weight, or number, and the thing measured, weighed, or counted. 2 K. 7:1, 16, 18 סְאָה סֹלֶת וְסָאתַיִם שְׂעֹרִים a seah flour and two seahs barley, Gen. 18:6, Ru. 2:17 כְּאֵיפָה שְׂעֹרִים about an ephah of barley. Ex.