Page:Journal of the Royal Geographical Society of London, Volume 1 (2nd edition).djvu/141

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.The Black ,Sea. 11 g upon the Caspian, are called by it as well as this: but still nlay be a Greek version of the ancient name, which the Tartars may have adopted ?vhen they became possessed of the country*. lu crossing �rom ?his place to the harbour of Sebastopol, Dr. Clarke saw the vestiges of the ancient wall which defended the isthmus of this smaller Cher?nesus, and found the distance to be five miles, nearly ?he same which is assigned by Strabo, who sup- p!?es the deficiencies of Arr?an upon this coast. ?or as far as Arrian's account alone ? concerned, it is d?cult, or rather possible to identify the places he thus mentions between ?eo- dos]a and Chersonesus; and the more so, because he has omitted some of ?e most str]Mng natural features of the coast. For instance? he d?s not even vouchsafe a name to the great southern headland of the Crimea, the Cri?-Metopon (z?,o? ?v?o?) or Ram Head, so much s?ken of by Stra? and other, which, l?king across the Euxine to ?e promonto? of Cararab's, on ?e co?t of As?a M?nor, still called Keremp?h, divides it, as it were, into two pa?, by a I?nc which the imagination readily supplies between �e thirty-first ?d thirty-second degrees of longitude; and which, iu the estima?on of ?he ancients, gave to ?e whole sea the sha? of the Scythian bow: two points of land, indeed, so remarkable, fi?at many navigators of Strabo's thne, as he ?rts, affirmed that they had, in sailing between them, seen both lands to the north- ward and southward at once,--an affirmat]on which Dr. C]arke re?ats, without any reference to Strabo, as a matter of fact, ai?hongh he had himself been in no situa?on to v?fy The distance kom the one Ca? to the other, measured by the compasses on the French chart, is one hundred and forty-four ge?raphical miles, which Strabo calls two thousand ?ve hundred stad?a; and even suppling a ship therefore to be placed exactly midway, the d?tance from either promontory must be ?venty-?wo geographkal mii?; so that for the land to be seen from the deck of a frigate at ?at d?tance, it must be three thousand five hundr? feet high, acco?ing to strict computation, while some hundreds of feet more must be added to make it really and in practice visible. Major Rennell? stat? the d?stance to be one hundred and thh'teen geographical miles; and adds, that ' the high land of the Crhnea ?s v?sible kom Carambis,' but does not g?ve h? authority for ?hat fact. Of ?e height of Cape Carambis I can find no statement; and Tournefort, who s? d?ligently ?aced the whole coast from Constantinople to Trebis?d, gives no estimate of it, al?ough he mentions having doubled it, and calls it Cape Persilio. W?th respect m ?e Cri?-Metopon, Dr. Clarke, who had been upon �?y Craven, in her Tour, p. 146, ?m, ?ha? it was befo? ?11? C?als, ? ? no ?hodty. C? ?is name ?ve ?y ?on wi? S?m? P?t? ? ?y ? H?us, vol. i. p. 2? 8vo. I Dig,tized by ?00?[?