Page:Latin for beginners (1911).djvu/156

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134 COMPARISON OF ADJECTIVES


a. Obsen^e that the endings are those of the consonant stems of the third declension. b. Compare longus, lo?igj fortis, brave ; recens (base, recent-), recent ; and decline the comparative of each. . Adjectives in -er form the comparative regularly, but the super- lative is formed by adding -rimus, -a, -um to the nominative masculine of the positive ; as, Positive Comparative Superlative acer, acris, acre acrior, acrius acerrimus, -a, -um (Base acr-) pulcher, pulchra, pulchrum pulchrior, pulchrius pulcherrimus, -a, -um (Base pulchr-) liber, libera, liberum liberior, liberius liberrimus, -a, -um (Base liber-) ^. In a similar manner compare miser, aeger, creber. . The comparative is often translated by quite, too, or somemhat, and the superlative by very; as, altior, quite (too, somewhat) high; altis- simus, very high. . EXERCISES First learn the special vocabulary, p. 296. I. I. Quid exploratores quaerebant? Exploratores tempus oppor- tunissimum itineri quaerebant. 2. Media in silva ignis quam creber- rimos fecimus, quod feras tam audacis numquam antea videramus. 3. Antiquls temporibus German! erant fortiores quam Galli. 4. Caesar erat clarior quam inimici^ qui eum necaverunt. 5. Quisque scutum ingens et pilum longius gerebat. 6. Apud barbaros German! erant audacissimi et fortissimi, . 7. Mens hominum est celerior quam corpus. 8. Viri aliquarum terrarum sunt miserrimi. 9. Corpora Germanorum erant ingentiora quam Romanorum. 10. AcerrimI Gallorum principes sine iilla mora trans fltimen quoddam equos velocissimos traduxerunt. II. Aestate dies sunt longiores quam hieme. 12. Imperator quidam ab exploratoribus de recent! adventu navium longarum quaesivit. II. I. Of all birds the eagle is the sv^iftest. 2. Certain animals are swifter than the swiftest horse. 3. The Roman name was most ^ Why is this word used instead of hostSs ?