Page:Latin for beginners (1911).djvu/157

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IRREGULAR COMPARISON OF ADJECTIVES 135


hateful to the enemies of the commonwealth. 4. The Romans always inflicted the severest* punishment on faithless allies. 5. I was quite ill, and so I hastened from the city to the country. 6. Marcus had some friends dearer than Caesar.* 7. Did you not seek a more recent report concerning the battle ? 8. Not even after a victory so opportune did he seek the general's friendship. N.B. Beginning at this point, the selections for reading will be found near the end of the volume. (See p. 197.) LESSON LIV IRREGULAR COMPARISON OF ADJECTIVES • THE ABLATIVE WITH COMPARATIVES WITHOUT QUAM . The following six adjectives in -lis form the comparative regularly ; but the superlative is formed by adding -limus to the base of the positive. Leam the meanings and comparison. Positive Comparative Superlative facilis, -€, easy facilior, -ius facillimus, -a, -um difficilis, -e, hard difficilior, -ius difficillimus, -a, -um similis, -e, like similior, -ius simillimus, -a, -um dissimilis, -«, unlike dissimilior, -ius dissimillimus, -a, -um gracilis, -e, slender gracilior, -ius gracillimus, -a, -um humilis, -e, low humilior, -iua humillimus, -a, -um . From the knowledge gained in the preceding lesson we should translate the sentence Nothing is brighter than the sun Nihil est clirius quam 861 But the Romans, especially in negative sentences, often expressed the comparison in this way, Nihil est cUrius sSIe which, literally translated, is Nothing is brighter away from the sun; that is, starting from the sun as a standard, nothing is brighter. This relation is expressed by the separative ablative aCle. Hence the rule

  • Use the superlative of graria. • Accusative. In a comparison the noun

after quam is in the same case as the one before it.