Page:Latin for beginners (1911).djvu/168

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146 DEPONENT VERBS


II. I. Caesar pitched camp two miles from the river. 2. He forti- fied the camp with a ditch fifteen feet wide and a rampart nine feet high. 3. The camp of the enemy was a great way off (was distant by a great space). 4. On the next day he hastened ten miles in three hours. 5. Suddenly the enemy with all their forces made an attack upon (in with ace.) the rear. 6. For two hours the Romans were hard pressed by the barbarians. 7. In three hours the barbarians were fleeing. LESSON LX DEPONENT VERBS . A number of verbs are passive in form but active in meaning; as, hortor, / encourage ; vereor, I fear. Such verbs are called deponent because they have laid aside (de-p6nere, to lay aside) the active forms. a. Besides having all the forms of the passive, deponent verbs have also the future active infinitive and a few other active forms which will be noted later. (See §§375, 403. <5-) . The principal parts of deponents are of course passive in form, as, Cofij. I hortor, hortari, hortatus sum, encourage Conj. II vereor, vereri, veritus sum,/mr Conj. Ill {a) sequor, sequi, secutus sum, follow {b) patior, pati, passus sum, suffer^ allow Conj. IV partior, partiri, partitus sum, share^ divide Learn the synopses of these verbs. (See § 493.) Patior is conjugated like the passive of capio (§ 492). . PREPOSITIONS WITH THE ACCUSATIVE The prepositions with the accusative that occur most frequently are ad, to ante, before intra, within apud, among ob, on account of (quam ob rem, circum, around wherefore^ therefore) contra, against^ contrary to per, through^ by means of extra, outside of post, after, behind in, into., in, against, upon propter, on account of because of inter, between, among trans, across, over a. Most of these you have had before. Review the old ones and learn the new ones. Review the list of prepositions governing the ablative, § 209.