Page:Latin for beginners (1911).djvu/174

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150 THE SUBJUNCTIVE MOOD


. ame'mur moneamur rega'mur capia^mur audia'^mur . ame'mini monea^mini rega'mini capia'mini audia'mini . amen'tur monean'tur regan'tur capian'tur audian'tur a. The present subjunctive is formed from the present stem, b. The mood sign of the present subjunctive is -e- in the first conjuga- tion and -a- in the others. It is shortened in the usual places (cf . § 1 2), and takes the place of the final vowel of the stem in the first and third conjuga- tions, but not in the second and fourth. c. The personal endings are the same as in the indicative. d. In a similar way inflect the present subjunctive of euro, iubeo, sumo, iacio, munio. . The present subjunctive of the irregular verb sum is inflected as follows: Sing. -^ 2. sis Plur. . The Indicative and Subjunctive Compared, i. The two most important of the finite moods are the indicative and the subjunctive. The indicative deals with facts either real or assumed. If, then, we wish to assert something as a fact or to inquire after a fact, we use the indicative. . On the other hand, if we wish to express a desire or wish^ a purpose^ a possibility^ an expectation^ or some such notion, we must use the subjunctive. The following sentences illustrate the difference between the indicative and the subjunctive ideas. Indicative Ideas Subjunctive Ideas . He is brave i. May he be brave Fortis est Fortis sit (idea of wishing) . We set out at mice 2. Let us set out at once Statim proficiscimur Statim proficiscamur (idea of will- ing) . You hear him every day 3. You can hear him every day Ck)tidie eum aadis Cotidie eum audias (idea of possi- bility)