Page:Latin for beginners (1911).djvu/175

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INDICATIVE AND SUBJUNCTIVE COMPARED 151


Indicative Ideas Subjunctive Ideas . He remained until the ship 4. He waited until the ship should arrived arrive Mansit dam navis pervenit Ezspectavit dum navis perveni- ret ^ (idea of expectation) . Casar sends men who find the 5. Casar sends men who are to bridge find (or to find) the bridge Caesar mittit homines qui pontem Caesar homines mittit qui pontem reperiunt reperiant (idea of purpose) Note. From the sentences above we observe that the subjunctive may be used in either independent or dependent clauses; but it is far more common in the latter than in the former. . EXERCISE Which verbs in the following paragraph would be in the indicative and which in the subjunctive in a Latin translation ? There have been times in the history of our country when you might be proud of being an American citizen. Do you remember the day when Dewey sailed into Manila Bay to capture or destroy the enemy's fleet ? You might have seen the admiral standing on the bridge calmly giving his orders. He did not even wait until the mines should be removed from the harbor's mouth, but sailed in at once. Let us not despair of our country while such valor exists, and may the future add new glories to the past. LESSON LXII THE SUBJUNCTIVE OF PURPOSE . Observe the sentence Caesar homings mittit qui pontem reperiant, Ccesar sends men to find the bridge The verb reperiant in the dependent clause is in the subjunctive because it tells us what Caesar wants the men to do ; in other words, it expresses his will and the purpose in his mind. Such a use of the subjunctive is called the subjunctive of purpose.

perveniret, imperfect subjunctive.