Page:Latin for beginners (1911).djvu/203

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INDlRhci oiAiEMKMS 1 79

. Tenses of the lafinitive. When the sentences in § 415 were changed from the direct to the indirect form of statement, sunt became esse, erant became fuisse, and erunt became futiirOs esse. . Rule. Infinitive Tenses in Indirect Statements. A present indicative of a direct statement becomes present infinitive of the indirect, a past indicative becomes perfect infinitive, and a future indicative becomes future infinitive. Note. When translating into Latin an English indirect statement, first de- cide what tense of the indicative would have been used in the direct form. That will show you what tense of the infinitive to use in the indirect. . Rule. Verbs followed by Indirect Statements. The accusa- tive-with-infinitive construction in indirect statemefits is found after verbs of saying, telling, knowing, thinking, and perceiving. . Verbs regularly followed by indirect statements are : a. Verbs of saying and telling : dic5, dicere, dixi, dictiis, say negS, negare, negavi, negatus, deny, say not nuntio, niintiare, nuntiavi, nuntiatus, announce responded, respondere, respond!, responsus, reply b. Verbs of knowing : cogn5scd, cognoscere, cogndyi, cognitus, learn ^ (in the perf.) know sold, scire, scivi, scitus, ktww c. Verbs of thinking : arbitror, arbitrari, arbitratus sum, think, consider existim5, existimare, existimavi, existimatus, think^ believe iudico, iudicare, iudicavi, 'x^qam&, judge, decide puts, putare, putavT, putatus, reckon, think 8per5, sperare, speravi, speratus, hope d. Verbs of perceiving : audid, audire, audivi, audltus, hear aenti5, sentire, sensi, sins}Xi, feel, perceive Tided, yidere, vidi, yisus, see bitelleg5, intellegere, intellSzi, intellSctus, understand, perceive Learn such of these verbs as arc new to you.