Page:Latin for beginners (1911).djvu/77

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PRESENT ACTIVE INDICATIVE


( . The present tense is inflected by adding the personal endings to the present stem, and its first person uses -5 and not -m. The form »m6 is for ama-d, the two vowels a-6 contracting to 6. In mone5 there is no contraction. Nearly all regular verbs ending in -ed belong to the second conjugation. . Note that the long final vowel of the stem is shortened before another vowel (mone-C = mo'nW), and before final -t (amSt, monfit) and -nt (^amint, monSnt). Compare § 1 2. 2. . Like amO and moneO inflect the present active indicative of the following verbs * : Indicative Present a'r6, 1 plow cu'r6, / care for •d€ae«, / destroy desi'derO, / long for d6,'- 1 give •ha 1)6(5, 1 have ha 'bits, / live^ I dwell ♦iu'beS, / order labS'rO, / labor Ian 'do, I praise matii'rS, I hasten "•mo'ved, / fnove nar'ro, / tell ne'c6, / kill niin'tiS, / announce pa'ro, I prepare por'to, / carry pro'per6, / hasten pug'nS, I fight ♦vi'deO, I see vo'c5, / call Infinitive Present ara're, to plow ciira're, to care for dele're, to destroy desidera're, to long for da 're, to give habe're, to have habita're, to live, to dwell lube 're, to order labOra're, to labor lauda're, to praise matura're, to hasten move're, to move narra're, to tell neca're, to kill niintia're, to announce para 're, to prepare porta 're, to carry propera're, to hasten pugna're, to fight vide're, to see voca're, to call . The Translation of the Present. In English there are three ways of expressing present action. We may say, for example, I live ^ I am livings or I do live. In Latin the one expression habitO covers all three of these expressions. ' The only new verbs in this list are the five of the second conjugation which are starred. Learn their meanings. * Observe that in d6, dire, the a is short, and that the present stem is di- and not dl-. The only forms of d5 that have « long are dia (pres. indie), di (pres. imv.), and dins (pres. part).