Page:Latin for beginners (1911).djvu/78

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. EXERCISES Give the voice^ mood, tense, person, and ttumber of each form. I. I . Vocamus, properatis, iubent. 2 . Movetis, laudas, vides. 3. De- letis, habetis, dant. 4. Maturas, deslderat, videmus. 5. lubet, mo- vent, necat. 6. Narramus, moves, vident. 7. Laboratis, properant, portas, parant. 8. Delet, habetis, iubemus, das. N.B. Observe that the personal ending is of prime importance in trans- lating a Latin verb form. Give that your first attention. II. I. We plow, we are plowing, we do plow. 2. They care for, they are caring for, they do care for. 3. You give, you are having, you do have (sing.y 4. We destroy, I do long for, they are living. 5. He calls, they see, we are telling. 6. We do fight, we order, he is moving, he prepares. 7. They are laboring, we kill, you announce. LESSON XX IMPERFECT ACTIVE INDICATIVE OF AMO AND MONEO . Tense Signs. Instead of using auxiliary verbs to express differences in tense, like was, shall, will, etc., Latin adds to the verb stem certain elements that have the force of auxiliary verbs. These are called tense signs. . Formation and Inflection of the Imperfect. The tense sign of the imperfect is -ba-, which is added to the present stem. The imperfect consists, therefore, of three parts : Present Stem Tense Sign personal ending ama- ba- m loving was I The inflection is as follows : Conjugation I Conjugation II personal SINGULAR ENDINGS . ama1t)am, I was loving mone'bam, I was advising -m . ama'bas, you were loving mone'bas, you were advising -s . ama'bat, he was loving mone'bat, he was advising -t