Page:Manual of the New Zealand Flora.djvu/151

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Carmichælia.]
111
LEGUMINOSÆ.
Erect. Branchlets few, terete. Racemes dense. Flowers 16 in. 17. C. curta.
Erect or prostrate. Branchlets terete or compressed.

Racemes dense. Flowers 11018 in.

18. C. juncea.
 ** Leafy when mature.
Prostrate. Branchlets compressed 19. C. prona.

1. C. Enysii, T. Kirk in Trans. N.Z. Inst. xvi. (1884) 379, t. 30.—A much-dwarfed depressed excessively branched glabrous plant, forming dense patches 1–2 in. high; stems and lower branches thick and woody, matted. Branchlets small, 1334 in. long, 125110 in. broad, erect or suberect, compressed, thin, striate. Leaves of young plants orbicular, emarginate. Flowers minute, 1614 in. long, solitary or in 3–6-flowered fascicles or racemes; pedicels slender, usually silky. Calyx carapanulate; teeth short, acute. Standard with a narrow claw; wings as long as the keel. Pod 1513 in. long, compressed, ovate-orbicular, often oblique, sometimes obliquely deltoid; replum incomplete; beak stout, broad at the base, recurved. Seed usually 1, rarely 2–3.—Students' Fl. 108.

Var. orbiculata. Kirk, l.c.—Larger and stouter, 2–4 in. high; branchlets 16 in. broad. Pods with rugulose valves.—C. orbiculata. Col. in Trans. N.Z. Inst. xxii. (1890) 459.

North Island: South-eastern base of Ruapehu, Kirk! Var. orbiculata: Rangipo Desert, H. Hill! Kirk! Petrie! South Island: Broken River, Enys! Kirk! Ashburton Mountains, Potts; Maniototo Plain, Petrie! Var. orbiculata: Mount Ida, Petrie! 1500–3000 ft. December–January.

A most distinct and remarkable species, apparently rare and local. The pod dehisces by one of the valves separating from the replumi down one side, but remaining attached at the tip and other side.

2. C. uniflora, T. Kirk in Gard. Chron. (1884) i. 512.—A much-dwarfed slender matted plant, forming large patches; stems often subterranean, putting out slender branches 1–2 in. high. Branchlets very narrow, 130120 in., thin, compressed, glabrous, sometimes almost herbaceous. Leaves not seen. Flowers solitary, 13 in. long, purplish-red; peduncles very long and slender, almost capillary, glabrous or puberulous, bracteolate about the middle. Calyx campanulate, glabrous or silky; teeth short, broad, acute. Standard broad, with a short broad claw; wings shorter than the keel. Pod 1312 in. long, linear-oblong; valves slightly wrinkled; beak straight or oblique. Seeds 2–6.—Kirk in Trans. N.Z. Inst. xvi. (1884) 379; Buch. l.c. 394. C. Suteri, Col. in Trans. N.Z. Inst. xxiii. (1891) 383.

{{smaller block|South Island: Canterbury—Lake Grassmere, Lochnavar, Poulter River, Enys! Otira River, Cockayne! Mount Cook District, Suter! T. F. C. Otago—Waitaki Valley, Buchanan! Lake Hawea, Petrie! 1000–3000 ft. December–January. Probably not uncommon, but easily overlooked.

8. C. nana, Col. ex Hook. f. Handb. N.Z. Fl. 49.—A dwarf rigid glabrous plant, forming broad matted patches. Branchlets 2–4 in. long, 1612 in. broad, thin, much flattened, strict, erect,