Assistant-Physician to St. Mary's Hospital. These posts he held until his appointment as Professor of Pathological Anatomy in University College, and Assistant-Physician to University College Hospital in Dec. 1867. He was elected a physician to this hospital in 1871; and in 1878, on taking charge of inpatients, a professorship of clinical medicine was conferred upon him. Dr. Bastian was Dean of the Faculty of Medicine in University College during the sessions 1874–5, and 1875–6; and he served as Examiner in Medicine to the Queen's University in Ireland for 1876–79. Dr. Bastian has published the following works:—"The Modes of Origin of Lowest Organisms," 1871; "The Beginnings of Life," 2 vols., 1872; "Evolution and the Origin of Life," 1874; "Clinical Lectures on the Common Forms of Paralysis from Brain Disease," 1875; and "The Brain as an Organ of Mind," 1880. The latter work has been translated into French and German. He is also the author of "Memoirs on Nematoids: Parasitic and Free," in the Philosophical Transactions and the Transactions of the Linnæan Society. In his monograph on the Anguillulidæ he described 100 new species discovered by him in this country. He is also the author of numerous papers on Pathology, in the Transactions of the Pathological Society; of papers on the more recondite departments of Cerebral Physiology in the Journal of Mental Science, and other periodicals; and of some joint articles with the editor in Dr. Reynold's "System of Medicine;" and he is also one of the principal contributors to Quain's "Dictionary of Medicine" (1882), having written nearly the whole of the articles on Diseases of the Spinal Cord, as well as many others on Diseases of the Nervous System.
BATBIE, Anselme Polycarpe, born at Seissan, in the department of Gers, France, May 31, 1828. He studied classics at Auch and law at Toulouse. At the competition, in 1849, he became Auditor to the Council of State, and was created Doctor of Law by the Faculty of Paris in the following year. When, after the events of Dec. 1851, the Council of State was re-modelled, M. Batbie's services were no longer required as Auditor, and he then applied himself to the teaching of law, in connection with the Faculties of Dijon and Toulouse. In 1853 he was elected a member of the Academy of Legislation in the latter town, and he published in the "Transactions" of this learned body a dissertation on the "Forum Judicum" of the Visigoths. He delivered at Toulouse (1854–56) a series of lectures on public and administrative law compared. In Jan. 1857, he became Assistant-Professor at Paris, where, in 1862, he commenced a course of lectures, which has been continued to the present time, on administrative law, and also another course on political economy. In 1860, at the request of M. Rouland, Minister of Public Instruction, he visited the universities of Belgium, Holland, and Germany, in order to study the methods adopted by them for teaching public and administrative law. In the same year the Academy of Moral and Political Sciences awarded to him the Faucher prize for a dissertation on the life and works of Turgot, published under the title of "Turgot, philosophe, économiste, et administrateur." In 1861 he began the publication of a "Traité théorique et pratique du droit publique et administratif," which was to be completed in six volumes. The Academy of Moral and Political Sciences showed their appreciation of M. Batbie's studies by awarding him, in 1862, the grand Beaujour prize for a treatise on the institutions of popular credit, published under the title of "Le