Crédit populaire," and one of the ordinary prizes of the year for a dissertation on "Le Prét à intérêt." At the elections of Feb. 1871, M. Batbie, who until then had scrupulously held aloof from political life, was elected a member of the National Assembly by the department of Gers, receiving 59,860 votes, which placed him at the head of the poll. He took his place among the members of the Right Centre, and his great ability soon caused him to be regarded as one of the leaders of the Monarchical party. He was a member of many important commissions, including the Commission of Fifteen, which was appointed to watch the negotiations for the Treaty of Peace, the Commission of Inquiry into the Organisation of the City of Paris and the Department of the Seine, the Commission of Thirty, the Commission of Pardons, and the Commission for the Reform of Legal Studies. He was also the reporter of the Bill for the reorganisation of the Council of State. M. Batbie was one of the delegates of the Right who, on June 20, 1872, were authorised to present to M. Thiers, President of the Republic, the ultimatum of the majority in the Chamber. He was also the reporter of the Kerdrel Commission, which was charged with the task of replying to the Presidential message of Nov. 13, 1872. In the administration of the Duc de Broglie, M. Batbie was Minister of Public Instruction and Public Worship. He resigned with his colleagues, Nov. 26, 1873. He was next nominated President of the Commission of Thirty, which was engaged in examining the supplementary constitutional laws. In Dec. 1875, he was elected a Senator by the department of Gers; his term of office expired in 1879. In addition to the works already mentioned, M. Batbie is the author of "Doctrine et Jurisprudence en matière d'Appel comme d'abus," 1852; "Précis du cours de droit public et administratif," 1863; "Nouveau cours d'économie politique," 2 vols., 1864–65; and "Mélanges d'économie politique," 1865.
BATEMAN, Kate Josephine, born in Baltimore, Maryland, in 1842. Both her parents were actors, and she, with her sister, two years older than herself, appeared in public as the "Bateman Children" as early as 1850. She afterwards prepared herself assiduously for the stage, and in 1859 played successfully in the leading American theatres, her principal characters being those of Evangeline, founded on Longfellow's poem; Geraldine, in a play written for her by her mother; Julia, in the "Hunchback;" Pauline, in the "Lady of Lyons;" and Juliet and Lady Macbeth. She arrived in England in the autumn of 1863, and appeared 210 times in the character of the Jewish maiden Leah, in an adaptation of the German play, "Deborah," at the Adelphi Theatre, Oct. 1. After a provincial tour, she re-appeared at the Adelphi, playing Julia in the "Hunchback," and other characters. She took a farewell of the English public at Her Majesty's Theatre, in the character of Juliet, in "Romeo and Juliet," Dec. 22, 1865, and was married to Mr. George Crowe, in Oct. 1866. Mrs. Crowe returned to the stage in 1868, retaining her stage name of Kate Bateman. She has made the character of Leah peculiarly her own. In 1872, and subsequently, she appeared with great success in London as Medea, in the play of that name. In 1875, on a revival of "Macbeth" at the Lyceum (Mr. Irving as Macbeth) she played the part of Lady Macbeth. She also sustained the title rôle in Mr. Tennyson's "Queen Mary," which was produced at the same house in April, 1876. Miss Bateman afterwards became the lessee of Sadler's Wells Theatre.
BATH AND WELLS, Bishop