Page:Men of the Time, eleventh edition.djvu/1004

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SEYMOUE— SHAFTESBURY.

987

Daughter^ a Tale," and *' Margaret Percival, a Tale," 1858; Self- Examination before Confirmation," and •' History of the Early Church," 1859 ; " Contes Faciles, from Mod- em French Authors," 1861 ; " Dic- tation Exercises," " Glimpses of the World," ** Impressions of Rome, Florence, and Turin," and *' Read- ings for a Month preparatory to Confirmation," 1862 ; •' Grammar made Easy," 1872; and "Catechism of Grecian History," 1874 ; " Some Questions of the Day," 1875; " Popular History of France, from the Earliest Period to the Death of Louis XIV.," 1876 ; and " Private Devotions for Young Persons," 1881 . SEYMOUR, HoBATio, LL.D, born in Onondaga county. New York, May 31, 1810. He was educated at Geneva College, and studied law, but soon abandoned practice, devoting him- self to the care of the large estates left by his father and father-in-law. In 1841 he was elected to the State Legislabire, and was re-elected three times, being Speaker in 1845 ; was Mayor of Utica in 1842 ; and was, in 1852, elected Governor of the State of New York ; but was de- feated for re-election in 1854. In 1862 he was again elected Governor, as the Democratic candidate, and opposed the general war policy of the national government ; but when the invasion of Pennsylvania took place in June, 1868, he promptly forwarded more than the quota of militia required from the State of New York. At the expiration of his term of service he retired into private life, and was not again a candidate for public honours until July, 1868, when he was, against his own wish, nominated by the National Democratic Convention for President of the United States, but was defeated by General Grant. In 1874 he declined to be a candidate for the Office of Senator in Congress, although his party having come into power, his election would have been certain. Since that tin^ he has positiyely declined all nomina-

tions for public office. If he woiild have accepted the nomination, he would probably have been the Democratic candidate for the Pre- sidency a.t either of the elections of 1876 or 1880. His only publications are a few State papers and many public addresses, mostly on topics connected with agriculture.

SHAFTESBURY (Eael of), K.G., The Right Hon. Anthony AsHLKY-CooPBR, born in London, April 28, 1801, was educated at Christ Church, Oxford, where he obtained a first-class in classics, in 1822, graduated M.A. in 1832, and was created D.C.L. in 1841. He was returned, as Lord Ashley, member for Woodstock, in 1826, and supported the Governments of Liverpool and Canning, and in the administration of the Duke of Wel- lington was a Commissioner of the Board of Control . He was returned for Dorchester in 1830, and for Dor- setshire in 1831, which county he represented till Feb. 1846. He was elected one of the members for Bath in Aug. 1847, and sat for that borough till he succeeded his father in the peerage in 1851. He was a Lord of the Admiralty in the late Sir R. Peel's administration in 1834^5 ; and, on the removal from the House of Commons of the late Mr. Sadler, took charge of the Ten Hours Bill. When Sir R. Peel again took office in 1841, Lord Ashley was invited to join the ad- ministration, but refused upon find- ing that the Premier's views would not permit him to support the Ten Hours Bill. In public life his lordship has always acted with great independence. The chief object for which he has laboured, in and out of Parliament, has been the improve- ment of the social condition of the labouring classes; no man having taken more pains to inform himse^ of the actual condition of the mass of the people in England, and to endeavour to ameliorate their con- dition. His influence in the Evan- gelical party within the Church of