on this occasion were further recog- nised^ and lie obtained a brevet of Lieutenant-Colonel, with the medal and two clasps. In the Abyssinian Expedition of 1867-G8 Colonel Stewart held command for some time at Zulla and at Senaf^. After- wards he marched up to Magdala. Colonel Stewart was ttien rewarded with the title of C.B. He attained the rank of Lieutenant-General in 1877. He was in command of the Candahar column of operations in the Afghan campaign, and for his services received the thanks of Parliament and a baronetcy. He was invested with the Grand Cross of the Bath at a chapter of the Order held at Lahore, Nov. 15, 1880. In Jan., 1881, he was ap- |K>inted Commander-in-Chief in India, in succession to General Sir Frederick Paul Haines. He was in the same year advanced to the rank of General.
STEWAET, SiE EoBBBT Pbes- COTT, Mus. D., son of the late Mr. Charles Frederick Stewart, of Dub- lin, by Anna, daughter of Mr. Francis Dawson, of Monaghan, was bom in Dublin in Dec, 1825. He received his education in the school of Christ Church Cathedral, Dublin, and at the age of eighteen he was appointed organist of Trinity Col- lege, Dublin, and of both the Dublin Cathedrals. He took the degrees of Bachelor and Doctor of Music in 1851. He composed an " Ode to Industry," for the Exhi- bition held at Cork in 1852, and a " March," which was played at the opening of the Dublin Exhibition in the following year. In 1858 he produced his cantata " A Winter- Night's Wake;*' and subsequently another cantata, " The Eve of St. John." He became Professor of Music in the University of Dublin in 1862. In 1872 he was knighted by the Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, in acknowledgment of his musical attainments. He is a member of the Council of the Royal College of Music. $ir R. P. Stewart has writ-
ten works on "Irish Music," and "Dance Forms;" "The Life and Works of Handel;" and many articles in the "Dictionary of Music," edited by Sir George Grove. He was the first to re-model the organ compass in Ireland to the true German compass of C : before his time both manual and pedal keyboards erroneously were made to begin at F or G. Sir R. P. Stewart was also the first to make the following literary curri- culum compulsory in the case of all musical graduates: — "A Bachelor in Music must pass an Examination in the following subjects : — (1) English Composition, History, and Literature ; (2) a modern Language (Italian, French, or German ; (3) Latin, or, instead of it, a second modem Language ; (4) Arithmetic." This was done immediately upon his election to the chair of Music in the University of Dublin in 1862, before which date no literary ex- amination was required of any graduate in music, at any College or University in the Kingdom. The Universities of Oxford, Cam- bridge, and London, adopted this idea in 1878 ; some private Colleges having done so about 1872.
STEWART, Thomas Gbatnoeb, M.D., born in Edinburgh, Sept. 23, 1837, was educated at the High School and University of Edin- burgh, and after graduating, he stuped in the Universities and Hospitals of Berlin, Prague, and Vienna, especially under Virchow, Rokitansky, and Oppolzer. On his return to Edinburgh he became Resident Physician in the Royal Infirmary, and there made obser- vations upon the dia^osis of cer- tain forms of kidney msease^ which attracted considerable attention. In 1862 he was appointed Path- ologist to the Royal Infirmary, and Lecturer on Pathology at Surgeons' Hall. During the succeeding seven years he published numerous papers on pathological and clinical sub- jects, and in 1869 unsuccessfully