contested the chair of General Pathology in the University of Edinburgh. He then resigned the Pathologistship and the Physician- ship to the Boyal Hospital for Sick Children, and was elected ordinary Physician to the Boyal Infirmary and Lecturer on Clinical Medicine. In 1876, on the death of Dr. War- burton Begbie, he devoted himself exclusively to consulting practice, and in the autumn of the same year was, on the death of Dr. Lay- cock, appointed Professor of the Practice of Physic in the University of Edinburgh. Dr. Stewart is the author of a book on Bright*s Dis- eases of the Kidneys, which has passed through two editions in this coimtry, and two in America. The views embodied in this work have been to a large extent accepted on the Continent as well as in this country. He has published many papers, particularly on the nervous system, the lungs, and the liver. He is a member of various learned societies at home and abroad. He has been President and Vice-Presi- dent of the Medicine section of the British Medical Association, and of other Institutions, and has for many years taken a special interest in the Edinburgh Medical Students' Christian Association. In 1882 he was appointed Physician in Ordi- nary to Her Majesty the Queen in Scotland, in succession to the late Sir Robert Christison.
STIGAND, William, son of the late WiUiam Stigand, Esq., of Devonport, born in 1827, was edu- cated at Shrewsbury and St. John's College, Cambridge . After studying the Equity branch of the profession of the law, he was called to the bar at Lincoln's Inn in June, 1852 ; has resided at various times in France, Italy, and Germany, and has visited Spain and the East. He has writ- ten A Vision of Barbarossa, and other Poems," 1860 j "Athenais; or, the First Crusade," 1866 ; and " Life, Work and Opinions of Hein- rich Heine," 2 vols. 1875. Mr.
Stigand has contributed to the Quarterly and Edinburgh Reviews.
STIRLING, James Hutchison. LL.D., born at Glasgow, June 22, 1820, was educated at Glasgow University for nine consecutive winter sessions in arts and medi- cine, and spent six years afterwards in France and Germany. He be- came LL.D. of Edinburgh, 1867 j and a Foreign Member of the Philosophical Society of Berlin, 1871. In earlier days he held ai>- pointments as surgeon to the Hir- wain and other iron and coal works. South Wales, but he relinquished professional practice in 1851, and went to the continent to pursue there those literary and philosophi- cal studies which, as a student at college, he had shown a taste for or gained distinction in. Returning to England in 1857, he devoted himself to the study of philosophy and literary pursuits genersJly. Leaving earlier contributions out of view, he published in 1865 " The Secret of Hegel," from the appear- ance of which work there dates in Great Britain, academically and generally, a new movement towards the study of philosophy, more par- ticularly German and ancient. Ex- cluding contributions to periodical organs, the following are the titles of his other works, with their dates of issue : — " Sir William Hamilton, on the Philosophy of Perception," 1865; '^ Schwegler's History of Philosophy, twmslated and anno- tated," 1867, sixth edit., 1877; " Jerrold, Tennyson, and Macaulay, with other Critical Essays," 1868 ; "Address on Materialism," 1868; "As Regards Protoplasm, 1869. second edit., 1872 ; " Lectures on the Philosophy of Law, &c.," 1873 ; "Bums in Drama together with Saved Leaves," 1878.
STIRLING, Mrs., an accom- plished and versatile actress, daugh- ter of the late Capt. Hehl, of the Horse Guards, born in Queen Street, Mayfair, in 1817, was edu- cated at a convent in France, and