Strasburg, a by no means enviable post, that fortress not being pro- perly provided with either arms or provisions. He nevertheless bravely defended it for seven long weeks of merciless bombardment, winning the sincere admiration even of his enemies. Subsequently his bom- bardment of the open town of Kehl has been allowed by Prussian mili- tary critics to have been under the circumstances a military necessity. No French general has more thoroughly inspired respect in the German mind than Uhrich, the calumniated commandant of Stras- burg. The report, made in May, 1872, by the committee appointed to reiK)rt on the capitulations during the late war blamed General Uhrich, the Commandant of Strasburg, on all points, and severely censured him for separating the officers from the men, and making special con- ditions for the former and himself, profiting thereby, and also for going to Tours under a specious pretext, instead of sharing the lot of his soldiers.
ULBACH, Louis, author, born at Troyes, March 7, 1822, finished his education in Paris, where, in 1840, he carried off the first prize at the general competition. His first pro- duction, " Gloriana," a volume of poems, appeared in 1844, and a series of political letters written for the Propagateur de VAube, under the signature "Jacques Souflfrant, workman," one of his earliest works, had an immense success, but ex- posed him to a government prose- cution. The eloquence of M. Jules Favre saved him from impleasant consequences. After the coup d*^tat he joined the literary staff of the Revue de Paris, and in 1853 assumed the direction of that journal, which wiis suppressed in 1858. Among tlie papers he was subsequently connected with was the Temps, to which he contributed the dramatic tcuilleton, and Figaro, in whose columns he published, under the nam dc plume of ** Ferragus," a
series of letters that gained for him great notoriety as a satirical writer. In 1868 he started La CKoche, which on its first appearance was a weekly pamphlet, though in Dec., 1869, it became a daily newspaper, and one of the leading organs of the radical opposition. Tned be- fore the third Council of War, on a charge of having been favourable to the Commune, he was condemned to three years* imprisonment and to pay a fine of 60CK) francs, but on appeal to the fourth Council the sentence was reduced to three months' imprisonment and a fine of 3000 francs (Jan., 1872). In Dec., 1872, M. Ulbach sold La Cloche, which changed its name and soon disappeared. For some time past he has contributed a weekly Paris letter to the Inddpendance Beige. M. Ulbach has written various novels, many of which have become very popular in France and on the Continent, and some dramas. His reputation for skill and style as a literary critic stands very high. He was nominated a Chevalier of the Legion of Honour, Feb. 7, 1877 ; and in Dec., 1878, he was ap- pointed Librarian to the Arsenal.
ULLATHOENE, The Right Rev. William Bernard, D.D., O.S.B., a prelate of the Roman Church, was bom at Pocklington, Yorkshire, May 7, 1806, and educated at St. Gregory's College, Downside, near Bath. After being admitted to the priesthood he became a missionary to Australia in 1832, and was ap- pointed Vicar-General there, being well known for his zealous labours among the convict population. Father UUathome was the first Catholic priest who visited Norfolk Island, and he succeeded in obtain- ing the appointment of a Catholic bishop for the colony ; was influen- tial, through evidence given before a Parliamentary Committee in 1838, in putting a stop to transportation to the penal settlements. Having returned to England, he was sta- tioned at Coventry, where he built