Land," 1855, an inquiry into the social and commercial influence of the laws of succession and the system of entail (which has been recently republished); of pamphlets against the Stamp Duty on Newspapers, and on Direct Taxation. He was a frequent contributor to the Atlas, and wrote in that journal a History of all the great Joint Stock Banks, and is the author of a series of letters in the Weekly Dispatch, dealing with the history and trusts of City Companies under the signature of "Nemesis." He took an active part in securing the Royal Commission on City Parochial Charities, now the subject of legislation. He secured the Royal Commission on "the Livery Companies of the City Corporation," and has been twice examined before the Commission. He contends that the guilds are an integral part of the Corporation, and that their estates and property and halls are public property, and must devolve to the new municipality about to be created. The government is pledged to introduce a bill to create the Municipality for London he has designed. He is the avowed author of the letters on the same subject, and "London Water Supply" in The Echo, under the signature of "Father Jean." He has formulated a demand for the restitution of Christ's Hospital to the poor of London, and claims that it shall be handed over to the London School Board. The great return on "Mortmain" now before the House of Commons was moved for at his suggestion. Mr. Beal took an active part in all the movements led by Mr. Bright and the late Mr. Cobden.
BEALE, Lionel Smith, M.B., F.R.S., Physician to King's College Hospital, and Professor of the Principles and Practice of Medicine in King's College, London, formerly Professor of Physiology and of General and Morbid Anatomy, and afterwards Professor of Pathological Anatomy, was born in London in 1828, and educated in King's College School. He was elected a Fellow of the Royal College of Physicians in 1859, is an Hon. Fellow of King's College, a Fellow of the Medical Society of Sweden, of the Microscopical Societies of New York and California, the Royal Medical and Chirurgical, the Microscopical, and the Pathological Societies, formerly President of the Royal Microscopical Society, and of the Quekett Club, member of the Academy of Sciences of Bologna, &c., and the author of several works on medicine, physiology, medical chemistry, and the microscope. Among them are "The Microscope in its Application to Practical Medicine;" "How to Work with the Microscope," of which there have been several editions; "The Structure of the Tissues of the Body;" "Protoplasm: or, Life, Matter, and Mind;" "Disease Germs, their supposed and real Nature, and on the Treatment of Diseases caused by their Presence;" "Life Theories, their Influence upon Religious Thought," 1871; "The Mystery of Life: Facts and Arguments against the Physical Doctrine of Vitality, in reply to Dr. Gull," 1871; "The Anatomy of the Liver;" "On Slight Ailments;" "The Physiological Anatomy and Physiology of Man," in conjunction with the late Dr. Todd and Mr. Bowman; and of other works. He has contributed several memoirs to the Royal Society, on the structure of the liver, on the distribution of nerves to muscle, on the anatomy of nerve-fibres and nerve-centres, &c., which are published in the "Philosophical Transactions," and in the "Proceedings" of the Royal Society. He was the editor of the "Archives of Medicine," and has also contributed to the Lancet, the Medical Times and Gazette, the Medical and Chirurgical Review, and the Microscopical Journal.